Finding The Meaning of God’s Word (5)


“WHAT IS HERMENEUTICS”(part five)

INTRO: Hermeneutics is the Science of Biblical Interpretation. Today we will look at the “Interpretive Principle”. When the Hebrew and Greek scrolls were translated to English, many words just didn’t quite match. In our example today, the word “Sin”, there are at least twelve Hebrew and Greek words that were written but they all were translated to the English word sin. They are all sin in the eyes of God. If we look deeper into those words we can get a better idea of what God thinks of “sin”.

1Ti 4:6 says  If thou put the brethren in remembrance of these things, thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up in the words of faith and of good doctrine, whereunto thou hast attained.

2Ti 2:15 says  Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

THESE WORDS WERE TRANSLATED SIN:

1.) Avon(Hebrew) means Iniquity, A state of living in sin constantly.

Gen 6:5  And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Psa 141:3  Set a watch, O LORD, before my mouth; keep the door of my lips.
Psa 141:4  Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.

Eze 3:19  Yet if thou warn the wicked, and he turn not from his wickedness, nor from his wicked way, [he shall die in his iniquity]; but thou hast delivered thy soul.

Rom 1:32  Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, [but have pleasure in them that do them].

2.) Asah(Hebrew) means The Sin of “Commission”. A wrongful act.

Eze 2:5  And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear, (for they are a rebellious house,) yet shall know that there hath been a prophet among them.

3.) Chet(Hebrew) means The Sin of Omission. Leave something off. Not Obedient to God.

Jas 4:17  Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin.

Joh 15:22  If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin.

4.) Ashmah(Hebrew) means Guilt, Holy Ghost conviction.

Eph 4:24  And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Eph 4:25  Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
Eph 4:26  Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
Eph 4:27  Neither give place to the devil.
Eph 4:28  Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.
Eph 4:29  Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Eph 4:30  And [grieve not the holy Spirit of God], whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
Eph 4:31  Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

5.) Pesha(Hebrew) means To trespass, wander into the wrong territory. (God’s guidelines ignored).

Pro 1:10  My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.
Pro 1:11  If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause:
Pro 1:12  Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:
Pro 1:13  We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil:
Pro 1:14  Cast in thy lot among us; let us all have one purse:
Pro 1:15  My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path:
Pro 1:16  For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.

6.) Shagah(Hebrew) means Wander (go) astray, close to backslide.

Jer 11:10  They are turned back to the iniquities of their forefathers, which refused to hear my words; and they went after other gods to serve them: the house of Israel and the house of Judah have broken my covenant which I made with their fathers.

Zep 1:6  And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.

7.) Avel(Hebrew) means Pervert, Perversion, Abnormal state. (Queer)(Homo).

Rom 1:26  For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
Rom 1:27  And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet.

8.) Bagad(Hebrew) means Deceived.

Note: The word Devil comes from the word deceiver.

Deceived: Misled; led into error; beguiled; cheated; deluded.

Gen 3:1  Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
Gen 3:2  And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
Gen 3:3  But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
Gen 3:4  And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
Gen 3:5  For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Gen 3:6  And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

Gen 3:13  And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, [The serpent beguiled me], and I did eat.

9.) Chata(Hebrew) means To miss the mark, to come up short.

1Ki 14:16  And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and [who made Israel to sin].

Gen 18:20  And the LORD said, Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah is great, [and because their sin is very grievous;]

10.) Paraptoma(Greek) means an unplanned slip.

Did you ever hit your thumb or finger with a hammer and let something slip out.

Job 6:24  Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.

Psa 19:12  Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.

Lev 5:17  And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.

11.) Parabates(Greek) means  To wreck or break something.(Home wrecker, Home breaker).

Hos 4:14  I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall.

Pro 6:32  But whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understanding: he that doeth it destroyeth his own soul.
Pro 6:33  A wound and dishonour shall he get; and his reproach shall not be wiped away.
Pro 6:34  For jealousy is the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.

12.) Anomia(Greek) means To be lawless.

Rom 7:5  For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

1Ti 1:9  Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, [but for the lawless] and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers,
1Ti 1:10  For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
1Ti 1:11  According to the glorious gospel of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust.

I.) SIN IS AN ACTION:

a.) A sinner oversteps the line between good and evil.

Gen 3:6  And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

What was Eve’s biggest mistake here? She was in a place she had no business being. We must avoid temptation. God says to flee from temptation.

b.) A sinners error is leaving the right path.

Jer 6:16  Thus saith the LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein.

c.) A sinner is missing the mark and is failing to do what God has for us to do.

Ecc 12:13  Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.

Php 3:14  I press toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.
Php 3:15  Let us therefore, as many as be perfect, be thus minded: and if in any thing ye be otherwise minded, God shall reveal even this unto you.

d.) INIQUITY is the “unethical” order of life.

Rom 1:19  Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.
Rom 1:20  For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
Rom 1:21  Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Rom 1:22  Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

II.) SIN AS A NATURE:

a.) Men do not become sinners by sinning!

Rom 7:14  For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.

b.) We are born sinners!

Gen 3:17  And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
Gen 3:18  Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
Gen 3:19  In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

c.) Even a Christian has to fight the old nature!

Rom 7:15  For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.
Rom 7:16  If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good.
Rom 7:17  Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
Rom 7:18  For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.
Rom 7:19  For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do.
Rom 7:20  Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
Rom 7:21  I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me.
Rom 7:22  For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Rom 7:23  But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Rom 7:24  O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
Rom 7:25  I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.

III.) SIN IS A STATE OF BEING:

a.) It’s a way of life for many.

Isa 64:6  But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Isa 64:7  And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.

b.) It is an absence of righteousness.

Rom 3:10  As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

c.) It is a hopeless condition “ON MY OWN”!

Rom 3:23  For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

Rom 6:23  For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

WE NEED JESUS CHRIST TO BE ABLE TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

Act 2:21  And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Rom 10:9  That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
Rom 10:10  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

Isa 64:8  But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.

Amen

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