The Perception Of God’s Servant

The Perception Of God’s Servant

"Answering His Enemies"

Book of Mark Chapter 12

As we have been seeing the actions of Jesus cause quite a stir among the religious leaders of Jerusalem and Jesus still causes quite a stir not only to the religious world but also the the so-called non-believers or Atheist.

Jesus said:

Mat 10:34  Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

Sin is a fixed and an unyielding power on this earth but there is another overpowering force that can conquer sin, it is called Christianity.

It is obvious that there must then be a conflict, a war between these two, and that conflict can have only one ending. The most powerful will prevail!

It is the greatness of Jesus Christ that has set the world on fire!

In the time of Jesus, no one doubted the miracles that He had done. It is only since His death and His resurrection that people have disputed His miracles being real.

Shame on those, who will be judged by the same Word of God, that they themselves have rejected as the truth!

If those chief priests, scribes, and elders of Jerusalem wanted to know more about the "authority" of Jesus then they had to listen to His teaching!

Let’s begin:

*****Mar 12:1  And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
Mar 12:2  And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.
Mar 12:3  And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.
Mar 12:4  And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.
Mar 12:5  And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.
Mar 12:6  Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
Mar 12:7  But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.
Mar 12:8  And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
Mar 12:9  What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
Mar 12:10  And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
Mar 12:11  This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

We must not forget that a parable is a comparison of earthly things with heavenly things, or an earthly story that has a heavenly meaning.

In this parable, that certain householder would be Our Creator, The Living God, Our Father who is in Heaven.

Gen 1:1  In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth

That house would be His entire creation, but especially the Earth.

Pro 16:4  The LORD hath made all things for himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

That vineyard would be the land given to Israel or Canaan Land.

Psa 80:8  Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.

That hedge was the protecting hand of God.

Deu 32:39  See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.

That wine-press was the children of Israel.

Isa 5:2  And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

That tower was the Word of God.

Deu 31:26  Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.

Those husbandmen would be the Jew, the religious leaders along with the elders of all of Israel.

Isa 5:7  For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

That far country is Heaven.

Eze 11:23  And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood upon the mountain which is on the east side of the city.

Hos 4:1  Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.

Hos 4:6  My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.

That vineyard was to be cared for and cultivated for God’s use, not for the world but to teach the world about Jehovah God!

There are 3 plants in the Bible that symbolize Israel.

1) It is the "vine" that represents Israel in the Old Testament times through to the time they rejected Jesus Christ.

2) It is the "olive tree" that represents Israel in the future, after the Great Tribulation period, when the veil has been removed and they accept Jesus Christ as their Savior.

3) And as we have just seen that it is the "fig tree" that represents Israel in between these two times.

The fig tree is then associated with sin and failure!

God had grown His vine into a nation, while it was in Egypt.

God had carried His vine into the "promised" land of Canaan.

God had protected Israel from her enemies as long as they were obedient to Him.

We should not be fooled here, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, were looking for a place far greater than the promised land of Canaan:

Heb 11:9  By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:
Heb 11:10  For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

But God had provided everything in the promised land, so that Israel could prosper and become a mighty nation and they did reach a  partial peak in the time of David and Solomon.

Israel had been a stubborn nation from the beginning and had rejected God’s ownership.

Israel had rejected all the prophets that God had sent, even Moses, who they had claimed to adore and to follow.

They had also rejected the truth of Abraham!

Israel had sunk into apostasy!

So, God sent His Own Son.

The Son already knew the outcome but God had sent Him because of His Mercy and His Grace.

Joh 5:18  Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

The Jews had already made their intentions perfectly clear.

Mar 11:18  And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: "for they feared him", because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.

Israel had not realized that it was the "new land" promised to them, that city of God, that Abraham was seeking from God that was so valuable.

And only the believer can know that it is the New Heaven and the New Earth that has real value, not this world we live on now!

It was God’s Son, Jesus Christ, who was actually the True Vine!

It is God Himself who is True Husbandman!

Joh 15:1  I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman.

By destroying the Son, these Jewish leaders had sealed their doom!

*****We miss the point of this parable if we cannot see that this was Israel’s final warning before The Lord would begin what we now call the Church Age!

But, at this time, there was still time for Israel to repent!

God will always offer a time to repent!

In fact we are in that time right now, the Church Age of God’s "Mercy" and "Grace"!

Israel had been the apple of God’s eye:

Zec 2:8  For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

And they still are His elect nation!

But, the, "whosoever will come", Church is now God’s peculiar treasure!

1Pe 2:9  But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1Pe 2:10  Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

The Jewish nation had been appointed to spread the Word of God but the Jewish nation was unfaithful to that appointment.

The Jewish nation had rejected the moral government of Jehovah God. Most all nations are still rejecting the moral government of Jehovah God and His Son Jesus!

They rejected Theocracy in favor of a Monarchy and they had already had many kings.

We have seen with our own eyes, and history has proved, that God has punished this nation of Israel severely.


Mat 27:24  When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
Mat 27:25  Then answered all the people, and said, "His blood be on us, and on our children".

Israel had cursed their on selves!

The Word of God is now in the hands of the Church!

Jesus then sings to these rulers of Israel, this part of a song they should have memorized and known:

Psa 118:22  The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.
Psa 118:23  This is the LORD’S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.

These Jews clearly understood what Jesus had said but it had only made them an even a greater enemy!

Most people refuse to look on their own selves and can only see sin in others than themselves!

*****Mar 12:12  And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.

These chief priests, and Scribes and elders of Israel only knew they had to silence the Lord Jesus Christ and only their fear of the people stopped from trying to do it this day.

Because at this point the people stood with Jesus but those same people would soon have change of heart.

Even good people can be incited to riot!

They had clearly understood that this parable was about them.

They knew that all these things had really happened and they were not shamed, but incited to do evil.

They again began to formulate their plan to kill, God’s Son, The Lord Jesus Christ.

Even enemies became friends in order to unite all people against the Lord Jesus Christ!

They first sent certain Pharisees and Herodians who they knew also wanted to kill Jesus.

*****Mar 12:14  And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?
Mar 12:15  Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.
Mar 12:16  And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar’s.
Mar 12:17  And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s. And they marvelled at him.

These Pharisees were zealots of the Laws of Moses, but even more so to their own verbal interpretation and additions of those laws.

These Herodians showed themselves to be righteous men but were only spies for the government.

I believe we still have many Herodians that have been elected to office in our own nation.

That word "catch" gives us a picture of a hunting party, who came to set traps for some animal!

Jesus is truly the Master but these enemies had not come to be taught!

We all know, that you cannot teach a "know it all" anything new!

Instead of challenging the Lord, they pretended to consult with the Lord Jesus and they began by trying to flatter Him!

Where have we heard this before?

Dan 11:21  And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.

These are the same tactics that Satan employs but the Lord Jesus could not be fooled by such trickery!

**If Jesus yields to the foreign government of Rome the Pharisees will incite the Jews against Him.

**If Jesus teaches the refusal to pay taxes, the Herodians will incite the ruling Roman government against Him.

This was a trap that surely would work in favor of these false men and against the Lord Jesus, but they would be wrong again.

This question of paying taxes required a direct answer or at least so they thought.

At this time, Israel was not allowed to have a national coinage.

They were only allowed to produce a half-shekel and this was only allowed so the Temple tax could be paid to Rome.

Jesus did not ask for the half-shekel but asked only for a penny, knowing that it would be a Roman currency.

These leaders of Israel had already submitted to the rule of Rome.

So Jesus asked them a simple question?

One side of this coin had the image of Caesar and the other side had an inscription of the Roman government.

So, Jesus replied:

"Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s"

When we accept the protection of our earthly governments then we are also to help maintain that government and this is a commandment!

1Pe 2:13  Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;
1Pe 2:14  Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.
1Pe 2:15  "For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men":
1Pe 2:16  As free, and not using your liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.

But we should also clearly understand, that the things of God are Spiritual, and we cannot neglect these things!

Rom 12:1  I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.
Rom 12:2  And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

Clearly these men, that had come to trap the Lord Jesus, did not understand the truth of the Word of God and they again marvelled at Our Lord!

Another song out of their song book had these words:

Psa 33:10  The LORD bringeth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none effect.
Psa 33:11  The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations.
Psa 33:12  Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

It is every nation that understands all these things that will be a prosperous nation!

These men knew they had failed and withdrew but there are always some others that think they can out do God!

*****Mar 12:18  Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,
Mar 12:19  Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man’s brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Mar 12:20  Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
Mar 12:21  And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise.
Mar 12:22  And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.
Mar 12:23  In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.

The Sadducees were another sect of Jewish religion who thought they were the aristocrats of  Jewish society.

They looked down on everybody!

They rejected the principles of Abraham but were rigid in things of the Law of Moses.

But, they denied any future state of of punishment or reward was biblical. They denied Heaven and Hell existed.

They rejected the existence of angels and spirits.

They taught that to please God, He asked no more than to be good in this life. We know that we cannot work our way into Heaven!

They totally rejected any teaching of a future resurrection.

Jesus knew all these things!

So what had Moses written?

Deu 25:5  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her.
Deu 25:6  And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, "that his name be not put out of Israel".

We can see that the intent of this law was to preserve the ownership of the land that was divided to each family by Joshua.

These things had already been written before the Jews had entered Egypt so Moses intended this law to be an obligation when Israel entered in Canaan Land.

This is also where the law of the "kinsman redeemer" came from.

We must remember the promise given to Abraham which was ignored by the Sadducees:

Gen 22:16  And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:
Gen 22:17  That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
Gen 22:18  "And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed"; because thou hast obeyed my voice.

The thought behind these things is that Israel could not become a great nation if the families produced no children and they would loose their land to a stranger.

This same thought drives Israel even today as they try to hold on to the land given to them by God and we should stand with them!

The Sadducees only recognized the first five books or what is known as the Pentateuch.

The word Pentateuch is not found in scripture but when we see the phrase "Book of Moses", or "The Law", or "Torah", this is what is intended.

When Jesus said "Do ye not therefore err", What Jesus was saying was that "you only accept the first 5 books of the Bible, but you cannot even get those right"!

And as we have just studied, "marriage was ordained" of God to perpetuate the "human" family!

In the future state of man after death, "there is no such ordinance as human life will end", but spiritual life can never end!

In this fashion, the glorified body of redeemed men are like the angels because the angels cannot die a physical death like the human!

Jesus adds, even in those same 5 books you should have read that "I am the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob".

And Jesus adds:

"He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living"

Since God quickens each of the dead, the dead then have no God! Neither the soul of the saved nor the soul of the unsaved can die!

Rom 4:17  (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

God is the Creator, He gave life when there was no life!

God can then assure the existence of of those that trust Him, "which are not yet glorified", as if they already are eternal, and God can never fail to accomplish the things He has promised!

And again Jesus added, all these things are in the first 5 books of the Bible, "therefore you do greatly err".

These Sadducees were put in their place but there was another group that was looking on to see if they failed.

*****Mar 12:28  And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

It was the scribes that held the important offices of public affairs and were somewhat like Secretaries of State of many nations in our times.

It was the scribes, in the times of Jesus, who also made the copies of the Bible because there was no means of printing at this time.

A scribe and a lawyer was the same person in most cases, at the time of Jesus.

It was the scribes who were considered the authority of what the Bible actually contained.

They may have made many copies but they had never taken the time to study the Word of God.

Memorizing the scripture is great and should be encouraged but if we cannot relate those scriptures to our lives we have missed the "Gospel" of Jesus Christ!

We must study the Word of God as He commands!

We must then rightly divide the Word of God! God wrote certain things to certain people and at certain times!

2Ti 2:15  Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

But these scribes had asked a great question and Jesus did not hesitate to respond:

*****Mar 12:29  And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:
Mar 12:30  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.
Mar 12:31  And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these. 

This phrase "Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord"  was recited twice a day by every professing Jew at this time and it is still done today!

Deu 6:4  Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:
Deu 6:5  And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
Deu 6:6  And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:

This scripture was intended as a national protest against all false religions that had come into Israel and Jerusalem by all the invading armies and cultures, especially in the 400 years of what we call the silent period between the Old and the New Testament.

This was the voice of Israel against the polytheisms, the pantheisms and the atheisms of the heathen world.

There truly exist only One "Living" God and One "Personal" God, and His name is Jehovah!

Who is Jehovah?

Mat 28:19  Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of [the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost]:

Jehovah is then the Tri-Une God!

God is three in respect to "Persons" but in Essence, these three are One!

1) The Father is God:

1Co 8:6  But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

2) The Son is God:

Heb 1:8  But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Heb 1:9  Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

3) The Holy Spirit is God:

Act 5:3  But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
Act 5:4  Whiles it remained, was it not thine own? and after it was sold, was it not in thine own power? why hast thou conceived this thing in thine heart? thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God.

Jesus said, this is the God we must love and this is a command, and not a request!

It is "love" that fulfills all commandments and it is the "Love for this God" where redemption begins!

Christianity must take it’s stand on the fact that we must love our Tri-Une God and then our fellow man and in that order!

How much are we to love Him?

A) With "all" our heart.

According to the Bible, the heart is the center of spiritual activity but also for all the operations of human life. The heart is also the seat of our conscience!

Pro 4:23  Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

B) With "all" our soul.

According to the Bible, the soul is our living being. The soul contains our person, our desires, our appetite for life, our emotions and our passion for life!

It is the soul that separates the human from the animal world!

Gen 2:7  And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and "breathed into his nostrils the breath of life"; and man became a living soul.

C) With "all" our mind.

The mind is the organ of spiritual perception. It is in the mind where we store our understanding of the things of God!

Rom 12:2  And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed "by the renewing of your mind", that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

D) With "all" our strength.

Our strength is our ability to control our body of flesh. Our strength is our means of movement toward God. Our strength is made stronger by "Faith"!

Rom 10:10  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and [with the mouth] confession is made unto salvation.

It is our Christian strength that is our force against the evil in this world!

Jas 2:20  But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?

It is only our love for God that should come before our love for our fellow man!

And Jesus said "There is none other commandment greater than these"!

And that scribe responded:

*****Mar 12:32  And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:
Mar 12:33  And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

That scribe only repeated what the Lord had said in agreement with Him, but he added a little something.

"is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices"

Samuel had confronted King Saul on his return from war with Amelek with these words:

1Sa 15:22  And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.

In other words, there is nothing in this world greater in this life that we can do for the Lord beyond obeying His every Word!

These words got the attention of the Lord Jesus Christ.

*****Mar 12:34  And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.

No doubt this scribe had witnessed every response of Jesus as He had answered all His enemies.

This scribe was no longer critical of Jesus but was under conviction because Jesus had answered every question according to the Word of God!

This man was realizing that the true "Gospel" was actually standing before him.

What is the kingdom?

The Kingdom, is the rule of God in the human heart.

It exists now but we will not fully realize the Kingdom until we get to Heaven!

We have to seek the Kingdom of God it to gain it!
We have to do the work the Lord has given us to do to retain the Kingdom of God!

Retaining the Kingdom of God is then winning it!

The Kingdom of God is then the "Truth of God"!

The Kingdom of God is not visible, so the Kingdom of God is not the Church even though the Church could be called the Kingdom of Christ!

This scribe understood the "Gospel" at this time even better than the disciples of Christ except for one thing.

He would not openly confess Christ Jesus!

Joh 12:42  Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue:
Joh 12:43  For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

No one else had questions for Jesus, so Jesus then asked a question.

*****Mar 12:35  And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?
Mar 12:36  For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Mar 12:37  David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.

Jesus asked the multitude, "How do these that confess they know the Word of God so well, say as truth, that the Messiah is to be the son of David?"

Jesus answers that question this way. "David said by the Holy Ghost"

1) Jesus said, that what David had said was given to him by the Holy Ghost!

2Ti 3:16  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

2) Jesus said, David wrote, under the influence of the Holy Ghost[Holy Spirit] that the Messiah was his LORD.

Psa 110:1  A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Psa 110:2  The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

These Jews clearly understood that David was writing of the coming Messiah!

It should be obvious to us, that the way the scribes taught this scripture gave the intent that the Messiah was inferior to King David, which is apostasy and false.

Jesus in the flesh may have been inferior to King David in his flesh and King of Israel, but David had written that the Messiah was his LORD!

That title "LORD" always means Jehovah, the "I AM" of all scripture, the Tri-Une God!

To sit at "the right hand" denotes that the Messiah would have all the power and majesty of God!

But it also means that a part of the work of the Messiah was done to the satisfaction of the Father in Heaven.

The Messiah would sit at the right hand as the great High Priest forever but also a King.

The Messiah is then to be King and Priest!

But the Messiah would only sit at the right hand of the Father for "a period of time" designated as "until I make thy foes thy footstool"

Peter explained it this way:

Act 2:34  For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
Act 2:35  Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
Act 2:36  Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

Lord means, "having all authority"!

Christ means "the Messiah"!

There is only One and that is Our God!

It was not David that was ascended into Heaven, for his body was still in his grave!

In fact until the Cross, David’s soul may not have even ascended to Heaven under the Old Testament, but actually to place called Paradise:

Luk 23:43  And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

This is the place that Jesus promised to meet that thief on the cross beside Jesus.

This is probably same place as Abraham’s Bosom, where the soul of David would have been along with Lazarus:

Luk 16:22  And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;

It is only after the death, burial, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus where the believer can join the Lord Jesus in Heaven.

2Co 5:6  Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord:
2Co 5:7  (For we walk by faith, not by sight:)
2Co 5:8  We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.

The Messiah would ascend to the right hand of God:

a) This would end the earthly ministry of the Messiah, as Savior.

b) This would end the place of humiliation of the God-man on Earth as He returned to the "Glory World".

Joh 17:5  And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.

c) This would mark the beginning of a new work in Heaven, the Great High Priest.

Heb 4:14  Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
Heb 4:15  For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
Heb 4:16  Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

d) This would make the descent of the Holy Spirit possible!

Joh 16:7  Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

And this would bring Holy Ghost Power to this earth:

Joh 16:8  And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
Joh 16:9  Of sin, because they believe not on me;
Joh 16:10  Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
Joh 16:11  Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

e) But this same Messiah will truly return as King!

Rev 19:11  And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

Where this same Messiah will reign with His "rod of power", His "rod of iron".

Rev 19:15  And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
Rev 19:16  And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

The Lord has very little tolerance for those that claim to know the Word of God and do not teach the truth, when it is obvious the common people could understand what God has to say!

This why it is important to try to get a copy of the Bible into the hands of every individual on this Earth so they can read it themselves!

These common people gladly accepted the Word of God, so Jesus cautioned them.

*****Mar 12:38  And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,
Mar 12:39  And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:
Mar 12:40  Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

Jesus said, "Be On Guard" when being taught by these men.

The scribes were mostly Pharisees and their principles and practices were very bad. Their teaching was to be avoided!

If we do not take the time to study the Word of God ourselves, we will never know if those that teach God’s Word are teaching the truth!

It is the "doctrine of the Lord Jesus Christ" where we begin to know the truth!

1) To be a believer is to be in the army of God, and one of the hardest things for most of us to do is to take a back seat and yield to the preeminence of others but that is exactly where God wants each of us.

We need to serve as the "private" because we only have One Captain, King Jesus!

These scribes dressed as if they were the General of the army !

2) These scribes would appear in places where people were gathered but not for the right reasons!

Jesus said:

Mat 5:16  Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.

This is "NOT" what these scribes were doing!

They came seeking their own glory!

3) These scribes, as a class, had a wholly false sense of values.

Their pride caused them to seek out all seats of preeminence!

Pro 16:18  Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall.
Pro 16:19  Better it is to be of an humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.

4) One of the duties of the scribes was to prepare wills and other deeds.

Most of them were not content with the usual fee and they would particularly prey upon the fears and the lack of spiritual knowledge of those that were recently widowed.

In many cases they would persuade widows to deed over their entire property to the Temple, while these scribes would receive a great proportion of the proceeds for that transaction.

It is easy to see why the Lord despised all these religious leaders!

Pro 14:31  He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.

5) God will reward those that diligently seek Him, but these scribes sought only their own recognition!

The word "pretence" meant this prayer was only an outward showing, "in these very public prayers".

A "Pretender" will make a show of things that are not real and will claim the fulfillment of anything that they are involved with.

Jesus Christ knew all these things.

Psa 78:36  Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues.
Psa 78:37  For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant.

And after these things Jesus entered the Temple for the last time.

*****Mar 12:41  And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much.
Mar 12:42  And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.
Mar 12:43  And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:
Mar 12:44  For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.

When Jesus sat to watch those who gave to the treasury of the Temple it was the last act of His ministry!

The Lord Jesus commended this record of this woman’s two mites, which equaled a farthing.

A farthing is only 1/4 of a penny. This was a very small gift "in actual size" for the work of God!

But because she gave something that she truly needed herself, her rewards will be very great.

God does not measure gifts by the amount "but by its motive", and "by the amount left that is ungiven"!

This woman had nothing else to give but herself.

No matter what is taught about giving or even tithing, God really just has one rule!

Lev 5:7  And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.

We must give what we can of the things we need for our selves to build rewards in Heaven, at least a tenth!

Our Great High Priest has already made atonement for all our sin!

SO, 100 percent of what we have belongs to the Lord!

That 10 percent represents that part of our need!

"All of our abundance", more than we need, must be available to God at His request!

This treasury in the Temple was open for all to see who was giving the most and none gave more than this poor widow. We know this because God was watching and He said so!


Let’s Pray!

The Enemies of Jesus

The Adversaries Of The King

Text: Matthew 22, 23

Focus on 22: 15-39

As we know Satan’s followers will always try to discredit the Lord Jesus in His teaching. In our day the followers of Jesus Christ are treated the same way. The truth must be heard because everyone has the freedom to choose. If you have not ever heard the truth you will not choose. To not choose is still to be lost in a dyeing world.

Ever since the time of Daniel, God’s clock had been ticking off the moments that will lead to the Cross on Calvary’s mountain. Jesus still had to be dealt with until that time one way or another.

We all have to deal with Jesus in our lives because we all will face Him in our death.

When we study God’s Word we know that after being saved we should become a walking living Bible ourselves. This does not mean we have to quote the entire Bible though we should know some of it by heart.

This does mean we need to be obedient to God’s Word!

2Co 3:2  Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men:
2Co 3:3  Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.

1.) The Bible is a book with a back, some call it a spine:

I should ask myself if I have some backbone about Jesus Christ and God’s Word of truth?

2.) The Bible has many pages that are bound together. The Bible has a "binding".

I should ask myself, am I bound together with my brothers and sisters in Christ or is my life like a loose leaf notebook?

3.) The Bible has a purpose which is to teach us how to live a spiritual life.

I should ask myself, do I live a spiritual life?

4.) The Bible has in it many blessings.

I should ask myself am I a judge or am I a blessing to those I meet or do I always have a bad attitude?

5.) The Bible is a book of balance. Christ Jesus not only preached but He also fellowshipped.

I must ask myself do I have balance in my Christian life?

6.) The Bible is a book of biography. It is all about Jesus.

I must ask myself, do I promote the life of Christ in my life and not myself. Is God glorified in my life?

7.) The Bible is a book of benevolence. God cares about His people.

I must ask myself do I truly care about others enough to tell them how to avoid Hell? Do I have compassion on the lost of this world? Do I truly have concern for others?

As this Book takes us to the Cross we need to get our attitude straight and walk the talk of our Lord.

*****Our Text:

Mat 22:1  And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
Mat 22:2  The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
Mat 22:3  And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come.
Mat 22:4  Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.
Mat 22:5  But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise:
Mat 22:6  And the remnant took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them.
Mat 22:7  But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
Mat 22:8  Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.
Mat 22:9  Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
Mat 22:10  So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.
Mat 22:11  And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:
Mat 22:12  And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
Mat 22:13  Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Mat 22:14  For many are called, but few are chosen.

First, just because those who divided the Bible into verses and chapters did so at this time does not mean some time has passed from the last parable. These evil men knew Jesus was speaking of them in these parables and he did not stop but continued. He continued in prophetic parables.

This first parable of chapter 22 will show us the contempt of Israel at God’s feast. This parable can be broken down into three parts for they absolutely refused to come at the calling of God.

I.) The first "calling"  to the marriage feast was given to the Jews by the prophets of the Old Testament. They foretold of the feast of of the exceeding great and precious promises, the peace, and the salvation of the Messiah.

2Pe 1:1  Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ:
2Pe 1:2  Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord,
2Pe 1:3  According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:
2Pe 1:4  Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

The Jews refused to come!

God sent other servants in His chosen Apostles and even His own Son. These brought even a more urgent and explicit invitation. They "preached" a complete Gospel.

Act 4:1  And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,
Act 4:2  Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead.
Act 4:3  And they laid hands on them, and put them in hold unto the next day: for it was now eventide.

Rom 1:16  For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
Rom 1:17  For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

Act 13:45  But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
Act 13:46  Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, [It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life], lo, we turn to the Gentiles.

The result of the preaching to the Jew is that they became more antagonistic to the point of violence.

The Apostles were bitterly persecuted unto death except for the Apostle John.

This parable tells us of a very graphic manner of punishment at the hands of an angry God.

Jerusalem was devastated in 70 AD.

II.) We now see the King "commanding" the slaves.

"The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy."

To the Jews that were present when Jesus told this parable it was apparent that Jesus would invite the Gentiles to His marriage feast.

This was a true prophecy of what would happen soon.

Act 10:34  Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
Act 10:35  But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. Act 10:34  Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
Act 10:35  But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.

III.) Thirdly we see the "conditions" which must be met by the wedding guest.

All the wedding guest must be clothed in the wedding garment!

Rejection of the wedding garment showed a complete disregard and disloyalty toward the King who prepared this feast.

This wedding garment represents the Lord Jesus Christ!

Rom 13:12  The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
Rom 13:13  Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
Rom 13:14  [But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ], and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

Gal 3:26  For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
Gal 3:27  [For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ].
Gal 3:28  There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.
Gal 3:29  And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

The Kingdom of God demands not only a profession of faith but also a moral character.

Those that do not will be cast into the darkness away from the light of Jesus.

Joh 1:4  In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
Joh 1:5  And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

Joh 14:6  Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

1.) Jesus Christ showed in this parable that this nation had been prepared beforehand for the kingdom He was offering.

2.) They had been told this kingdom was near.

3.) They had refused to enter into His Kingdom.

4.) They were excluded from His Kingdom.

5.) Christ taught the requirements to enter in to His Kingdom.

All those that refused then could not be accepted because they had not prepared themselves.

Salvation takes an action on our part. Salvation is absolutely the free gift of God but to refuse the gift is to refuse the giver of the gift.

Eph 2:7  That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.
Eph 2:8  For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
Eph 2:9  Not of works, lest any man should boast.
Eph 2:10  For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

These parables taught all that listened that those that followed the teaching of the Pharisees were not sons of the Kingdom.

There is only one Gospel!

Gal 1:8  But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed.
Gal 1:9  As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.

"Many are called but few are chosen"

*****Our Text:

Our Theme for this chapter "The Adversaries of the King"

Mat 22:15  Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk.
Mat 22:16  And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men.
Mat 22:17  Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?
Mat 22:18  But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?
Mat 22:19  Shew me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny.
Mat 22:20  And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?
Mat 22:21  They say unto him, Caesar’s. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.
Mat 22:22  When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.

After the parables the enemies of Christ Jesus joined forces to destroy Him. He had exposed their evil intentions using some parables and the written Word of God they had in their own possesion. They had not enjoyed being humiliated in front of those that came to the Temple. The only weapon these evil men had left was to convict Him of a crime against their religious teachings that required death or convict Him of being against the government of Rome or both.

There are three main groups involved here who at more normal times were enemies of each other.

1.) The Pharisees
2.) The Sadducees
3.) The Herodians

Before we get into this questioning we need to remember something about the Lamb of God. The enemies of Jesus did not realize they were fulfilling scripture because it was necessary for the Lamb to be examined for blemishes before He died.

Exo 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
Exo 12:4  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
Exo 12:5  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
Exo 12:6  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

Jesus was to be examined publicly. We will see that He had no faults in Him!

When they should have believed they still rejected Him.

The "adversaries" of Christ approached courteously. They knew Christ did not speak to please people but Jesus taught the truth because He was the truth. They clearly ask, "Was it alright to pay taxes to a foreign government?"

The Pharisees opposed the Roman tax for many reasons:

1.) They would not submit to a Gentile power.
2.) The Romans looked at Caesar as a god.
3.) They would rather spend their money on anything than give it to Rome.

Many of us would have these same thoughts if we were in their shoes.

The Herodians on the other hand supported the tax. They knew that Herod’s authority came from Caesar and they would not be in power without this relationship. We can also see that we have many that feel the same way that are running our governments.

Palestine was occupied and dominated by Rome at this time. Paying taxes to this cruel government just reminded them that were not free.

This is why this question was chosen to present to Christ Jesus.

It was believed by these two groups that Jesus could have no acceptable answer to this question and therefore it was a "trap".

a.) If Jesus opposed the tax, he would be an enemy of Rome

b.) If Jesus approved the tax He would be an enemy of the poor Jews.

Because of this deception these men were hypocrites.

There was a great multitude of people in Jerusalem at this time as we have already discussed in the last chapter and many here now at the Temple.

Christ Jesus did not miss opportunities like this to teach His doctrine very often.

Jesus asked for that coin.

Each ruler minted his own coins and put his own image on it. This coin a "denarius", [a
penny], had the image of Caesar on it.

Jesus said:

"Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s"

What do we learn from this answer?

1.) Christians must honor and obey rulers.

1Pe 2:13  Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;
1Pe 2:14  Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.
1Pe 2:15  For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:
1Pe 2:16  As free, and not using your liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.
1Pe 2:17  Honour all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.

2.) As Christians we must honor and obey God!

Act 5:29  Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.

The Christian knows to worship God and Caesar was not God and no ruler should stop the Christian from the worship of Jehovah God.

3.) The Christian bears the image of God and owes all to God.

Gen 1:26  And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Gen 1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Though sin has distorted that image, it is restored through a righteous Lord Jesus Christ.

Eph 4:24  And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Col 3:10  And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
Col 3:11  Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.

We seem to forget that the writers of the Constitution of the United States of America had the time of Joseph and Daniel in mind when they wrote the the laws of religion in politics.

"It is right for the people of God to serve in government, but it is wrong for the government to try to control the Church of the living God."

The evil men of our country and some women too have twisted this around to change the intended meaning and we have allowed them to get away with it.

Needless to say:

"When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way"

*****Our Text:

Mat 22:23  The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,
Mat 22:24  Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
Mat 22:25  Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:
Mat 22:26  Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.
Mat 22:27  And last of all the woman died also.
Mat 22:28  Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.
Mat 22:29  Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
Mat 22:30  For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
Mat 22:31  But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,
Mat 22:32  I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
Mat 22:33  And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.

The next attack came from the Sadducees.

History tells us that these super religious men relied only on the five books of Moses, The Pentateuch. They had no regard for the Prophets nor the oral laws designed by the Pharisees. They did not believe in angels, The Holy Spirit, nor in the resurrection of the body. They said these doctrine were without authority in the written law.

When these men presented their question to Jesus they referred to the writings of Moses:

Deu 25:5  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband’s brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband’s brother unto her.
Deu 25:6  And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother which is dead, that his name be not put out of Israel.

There was a purpose for this custom. The family inheritance was a major thing in Israel and it was important for each home to have an heir. The Book of Ruth is written proof of how important this was to them and there are many more places in the written Word of God.

These Sadducees also had a purpose. They wanted to discredit the doctrine of resurrection and therefore discredit the authority of Jesus as a teacher.

Christ had revealed the power. He had raised the dead more than one time. He had even promised men a resurrected life.

Joh 5:24  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.

Jesus had even claimed to be the resurrection and the life!

Joh 11:25  Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
Joh 11:26  And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

These men wanted to discredit all these teachings of Christ and they felt this was their opportunity before a large crowd. They intended to prove Jesus had no authority in their Temple.

Jesus had these words:

"Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God"

Jesus said to them that they were "ignorant".

Ignorant means: Destitute of knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed; untaught; unenlightened.

To err means: To miss the right way, in morals or religion; to deviate from the path or line of duty; to stray by design or mistake. To mistake; to commit error; [to do wrong from ignorance or inattention]. [Men err in judgment from ignorance], from want of attention to facts, or from previous bias of mind.

To all those that are reading this, there can be no clearer message from Jesus than this statement. We need to know the scriptures. Not just the laws of Moses as these. Not just the New Testament as some teach to the church but the entire Word of God that He has given us.

Again, I believe the King James Bible is that Word God has given to the English speaking people, rightly divided.

2Ti 2:15  Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
2Ti 2:16  But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.

We can see here that though these men said they knew the Word Of God Jesus said that they were ignorant of it’s truth.

Notice how Jesus quotes the Bible:

"I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob"

Notice how the Lord states the words "I Am". Jesus did not say "I Was".

"God is not the God of the dead, but of the living"

"I Am" can only be interpreted as these men, Abraham, Isaac, And Jacob are still alive as is everyone that puts their faith in The Lord God, The Living God. There is no doubt that the physical lives of these men were over at this time but Jesus said they were alive.

This can be said of every saint of God that has gone on before us. They are alive and well and in the arms of Jesus.

There will still be a resurrection of their bodies to join that living soul just as the Bible states!

1Co 15:51  Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
1Co 15:52  In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

God’s Word will hold to be true just as Jesus states to these Sadducees on this day before He is taken to be crucified.

Christ Jesus not only established to these men that there would indeed be a resurrection but He also gives us a view of life after that resurrection.

Marriage was a means for the earth to be replenished:

Gen 1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Gen 1:28  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

These words tell us that God knew that mankind would die a physical death.

There will be no need of marriage nor of replenishing in Heaven as there will be No Death.

We know that the Bible teaches that the angels have no sex as we know it and in the Bible they all have male names. Jesus says every one that is in Heaven will be as the angels in this sense.

Jesus Christ does NOT say everyone in Heaven will be an angel.

God created the angels when He created Heaven. None have died. God created man on a separate day, knowing there would be physical death.

God had everything in place by the end of the sixth day.

Gen 1:31  And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

The Bible goes on to say that creation was finished on that day:

Gen 2:1  Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
Gen 2:2  And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

These Sadducees had been refuted!

Jesus says there will be spiritual beings in the future life. The angels will be there but these are not the saints of God. The Lord also did not mean that there would be no personal recognition in Heaven, or spiritual relationships as he has already proven at the transfiguration. (Moses was still Moses and Elijah was still Elijah).

In Heaven we will be known as we were after salvation but much happier:

Rev 22:16  I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
Rev 22:17  And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

What was the response to these words of Jesus:

1.) The crowd was astonished at this teaching. They had never heard it taught this way.

Joh 3:15  That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
Joh 3:16  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Joh 3:17  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

2.) There were some that saw the light in these words of Jesus.

Luk 20:39  Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said.
Luk 20:40  And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.

3.) These Sadducees were silenced with no response.

*****Our Text:

Mat 22:34  But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.
Mat 22:35  Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,
Mat 22:36  Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
Mat 22:37  Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
Mat 22:38  This is the first and great commandment.
Mat 22:39  And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Mat 22:40  On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Christ Jesus had used the scriptures that the Sadducees had held so dear to rebuke them, the Law of Moses itself.

We have already studied that a lawyer would probably be a scribe who had gained influence because of his knowledge of the scriptures. This one was probably a Pharisee as well:

Mar 12:28  And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

Jesus had answered well to these that had no regard to the teaching of the Sadducee.

The Pharisee had coded the law into 248 commandments and 365 prohibitions. They had 613 laws to be obeyed by the Jewish people. Not just the ten moral laws as we sometimes think. They had made it impossible to keep the law as they observed.

They had missed the point of God’s Laws!

Rom 3:18  There is no fear of God before their eyes.
Rom 3:19  Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
Rom 3:20  Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

When a Jew tried to be obedient to all 613 laws what he found was that one law would be in conflict with another one. There were then many arguments among the religious leaders as to which law then would supercede the other one.

James wrote:

Jas 2:10  For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.

This lawyer then gave Christ Jesus the ultimate test.

"Master, which is the great commandment in the law?"

Jesus again quotes from the Law of Moses:

Deu 6:4  Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:
Deu 6:5  And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
Deu 6:6  And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart:
Deu 6:7  And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.
Deu 6:8  And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
Deu 6:9  And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.

Jesus added:

"And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two
commandments hang all the law and the prophets."

It is obvious that our love for each other should be equal to the love God has for us!

Lev 19:18  Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

The teaching to the church is the same:

1Jn 3:10  In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, [neither he that loveth not his brother].

1Jn 4:6  We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us; he that is not of God heareth not us. Hereby know we the spirit of truth, and the spirit of error.
1Jn 4:7  Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.
1Jn 4:8  He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.
1Jn 4:9  In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
1Jn 4:10  Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
1Jn 4:11  Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.

Love is our basis for obedience. All the law is summed up in love:

Rom 13:8  Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
Rom 13:9  For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Rom 13:10  Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

If these men truly believed these words of Jesus then they would accept Him for His Word but we find instead they were plotting to kill Him.

Joh 8:42  Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.
Joh 8:43  Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word.
Joh 8:44  Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Joh 8:45  And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.

At least this one Lawyer agreed publicly with Jesus:

Mar 12:32  And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:
Mar 12:33  And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.


*****Our text:

Mat 22:41  While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
Mat 22:42  Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David.
Mat 22:43  He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
Mat 22:44  The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?
Mat 22:45  If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
Mat 22:46  And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.

A question we all need to ask ourselves is was Jesus the Jewish Messiah?

You see God wants to know in whom and it what we believe. God wants us to know the truth!


Joh 8:32  And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

Why is it important that God used the word "make" rather than the word "set" as some interpretations say?

"Make" means to: To form of materials; to fashion; to mold into shape; to cause to exist in a different form, or as a distinct thing.

"Set" means to: To put, place or fix in any situation.

In other words to "make" would be more like the term to be "Born Again". Born into the freedom of God.

Christ paid a great price to give us this freedom!

Joh 8:36  If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.

Notice when Christ ask this question there was an immediate answer. "The Son of David".

This means the Messiah had to be a descendant of King David!

We know that there was a written record kept of the descendants of King David.

2Sa 7:11  And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
2Sa 7:12  And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
2Sa 7:13  He shall build an house for my name, and [I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever].
2Sa 7:14  I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
2Sa 7:15  But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
2Sa 7:16  And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

Isa 11:1  And [there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse], and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isa 11:2  And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

Isaiah even tells us this Messiah will not live in royalty at first but be poor, as was Jesse.

Jesus then quoted from scripture as He did always:

"The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool"

It was King David who was honored by these men who wrote these words.

The entire Jewish nation observed this passage as being prophecy of the coming Messiah!

The Almighty God "LORD" invited the Messiah "my Lord" to sit at the right hand at the throne.

We know that the Temple still stood at the time of Matthew and Luke who listed the family line of David through his sons Solomon and and Nathan. These men knew this to be true!

The fact that the Messiah was David’s son testified to the Messiah’s true humanity but the fact that David called Him Lord (my Lord) testified to His true deity. Lord means God.

The claim that David the psalmist foretold of the Messiah was claimed by Jesus this very day. If these men, (the Pharisees, the Sadducees, the Lawyers, the Scribes) believed what they had claimed of the Messiah, then THEY COULD NOT OBJECT TO A LIVING BREATHING DESCENDANT OF KING DAVID WHO MET THESE QUALIFICATIONS.

Not a one could refute the words of Jesus and they would not respond to His question. They from that on did ask Him any more foolish questions.

We also should not ask any more foolish questions about Jesus and just trust in Him as our Lord and as our God. There is no other!

We will try to high light Chapter 23 as Jesus pronounced judgment on these men.

Matthew Chapter 23: 1-39

This was the last public appearance of our Lord until the day before Herod.

The Pharisee had assumed themselves to be in the position of Moses. Moses was not only the "Lawgiver" (given to Him by God Himself) but Moses was also the "Interpreter" of the laws given to the children of Israel.

We should also add that these laws were not given to any other nation or people but God does tell us that they are good laws to live by until we meet Jesus.

Gal 3:22  But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.
Gal 3:23  But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Gal 3:24  Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Gal 3:25  But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
Gal 3:26  For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
Gal 3:27  For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

The Ten Commandments were the basis of moral laws for all nations for many years but it seems that the world is intermingling or making more manmade nonsense they call laws each and every day and abandoning the laws of God. We can see how the world becomes more evil as these things happen. This is exactly what was happening in Israel at this time.

The Pharisee had claimed this role for themselves. They sat as teachers and demanded that their teaching be observed. They demanded that Israel follow them as the religious leaders of that time.

It can still be said that religion will send you to hell. Only by faith in Christ Jesus can we be saved.

Christ agreed that the laws of Moses be followed but the law as practiced by these evil men was not to be followed. Jesus said they did not even follow their own laws themselves.

We can see this everyday in America when our own politicians who make the laws will not follow the laws they make and think they are above those laws.

The only witness of these Pharisee was how they tried to impress the people in hypocritical fashion.

God intends for His law to be impressed on the heart:

Pro 6:20  My son, keep thy father’s commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
Pro 6:21  Bind them continually upon thine heart, and tie them about thy neck.
Pro 6:22  When thou goest, it shall lead thee; when thou sleepest, it shall keep thee; and when thou awakest, it shall talk with thee.

The Pharisee were motivated by pride and self esteem and felt they deserved the place of honor. To call one of these men Rabbi was to place their authority above that of God and His Word.

Christ Jesus pronounced "woe" upon these people because they shut the door to Heaven for all people who would follow them.

They rejected Christ who is the only access to His Kingdom, therefore closing the door to all that listened to them.

Christ condemned the Pharisee because they circumvented the clear teaching of God’s Word.

How often does this happen in our day?

Christ condemned the Pharisee because of the way they tithed. The law clearly demands the tithe. The same law demands justice, mercy, and faithfulness. The Pharisee ignored the laws of righteousness and showed the people that they satisfied the law by tithing only herbs from their own gardens.

Jesus said they were "blind guides" leading those they would make spiritually blind. Jesus said they had no concern for the greater demands of the law.

These Pharisee concerned themselves with washing the hands but not the heart. Christ Jesus teaches us that the only way the outside can be clean is to first clean the inside.

Jesus Christ said that these men were as whitewashed tombs. You know our places of burial are kept to a certain beauty but it is certain that those graves are filled with the bones of the dead. These Pharisee were also the same. They may have dressed royally but they were the walking dead with no chance for life.

Rom 6:23  [For the wages of sin is death]; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Christ condemned the Pharisee because He said they were just like their forefathers who killed the prophets of God rather than listen to what God had to say. They had rejected them as they also rejected God’s last Prophet, Jesus Christ Our Lord.

They were plotting His death this very day as they stood with Christ Jesus and He knew that also!

Jesus Christ said they were just like the snake that deceived Eve. That snake was beautiful to look upon but it was still the means by which Eve was deceived.

Jesus now turned His attention to the City of Jerusalem, which of course meant the people then and the people now. "Jerusalem, Jerusalem".

This city had repeatedly rejected God’s message. We can know that God has a special love for Jerusalem, after all the name of the city in the New Heaven will be New Jerusalem.

Rev 21:2  And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

On that day Jerusalem will be dressed just like a New Bride. She will show the righteousness of the Church, the bride of Christ.

Jesus had come to this city to gather them into His protection and His home:

Luk 13:34  O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen doth gather her brood under her wings, and ye would not!
Luk 13:35  Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

They would not come.

Do any of you have that problem today?

Are there any that just simply refuse to come to Jesus?

These Jews saw Jesus as God the day they died! We have the privilege through faith in Him to only see Him in Heaven.

There will never even be the hint of the smoke from Hell on my person. Can you say that?

Heaven is a real place.

Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord!

Let’s pray!