Tag: Loyalty

David’s Loyalty

David’s Loyalty

2 Samuel 8; 9; 1 Chronicles 18

Last week we saw how God had extended His covenant to Abraham through David but also how God had made a new covenant with David.

Making a covenant with His people characterized God.

In fact this is just one of the ways that Jehovah God distinguishes Himself from the false gods of all religions!

Jehovah God makes sure covenants and then keeps them all!

Psa 105:8  He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.

This promise made to King David only depends on the “faithfulness of God”!

There was nothing David nor his any of his successors could do that could change this promise that God had made!

What is the “Omniscience” of God?

The characteristic of God, that means He knows all things that will actually take place and all things that can possibly take place, whether past, present, or future!

This why God can keep His covenants when we fail in most of our own covenants.

All these things had reminded King David of some things that he had also promised to others aho had crossed his life path.

Let’s begin:

In chapter 8 we can see how the kingdom of David and the Nation of Israel grew in riches and renown.

In none of these wars was Israel the aggressor as David reclaimed the land God had given to Israel and taken by these nations.

We also get to see how the government of Israel was set up.

*****2Sa 8:15  And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

Notice David showed no favoritism to any one tribe of Israel, not even to Judah.

Psa 145:9  The LORD is good to all: and his tender mercies are over all his works.

God is good even to the lost of this dying world.

The Lord Jesus had these words:

Mat 5:45  That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.

But God does requires every government to execute judgment and justice according to the 10 commandments.

Not only does God require every government to to execute judgment but this judgment was to be done equally to all.

We already know this judgment was to be based upon the Word of God.

Not only does God require justice but that justice was to be equal justice for all of mankind!

*****2Sa 8:16  And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

King David had one “General of the Army”.

Joab was the son of David’s sister Zeruiah.

It is said in America, not only do we have too many generals but it was said the other day we had over 1000 Admirals. We could put an Admiral on every ship and not have enough ships for each to have one.

This seems to be a good place to save taxpayer’s dollars.

Jehoshaphat was recorder.

A recorder was the chancellor for the king.

In other words he would bring the weighty matters to the king that were important enough to require the kings attention.

A recorder would also draw up papers for the king’s guidance and also prepare drafts of the king’s wishes to the scribes to be recorded, such as treaties, national archives, and records that needed to be kept for the future.

A recorder would also document the day by day actions in the kingdom, in other words record history as it happened.

*****2Sa 8:17  And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

Zadok was High Priest and a direct descendant of Eleazer, whose son was Phinehas. God had also made a covenant with Phinehas.

Num 25:11  Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy. Num 25:12  Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace: Num 25:13  And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even “the covenant of an everlasting priesthood”; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.

In Zadok the line of Phinehas resumed the dignity of High Priest and held that position through his seed until the fall of Jerusalem.

It would be through Mary the virgin mother of Jesus, a descendant of Nathan, King David’s son and also a descendant form the line of Phinehas.

Seraiah was the scribe.

In a sense, this position would be similar to what we call a “Secretary of State”.

This man would prepare and issue the decrees of the king.

This person would also have considerable authority under the guidelines set forth by the king who was to use the Word of God for his own guidelines.

When the Word of God is not in it’s place in all governments that government will be corrupt and fail to care for God’s creation but they will still fulfill God’s purpose!

*****2Sa 8:18  And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief rulers.

The Cherethites were King David’s personal body guard and they may not have been Jews but they would also perform executions by order of the king only and also the kings couriers.

These Pelethites were probably known better as the the king’s mighty men.

Benaiah was a mighty warrior who David placed over his personal security because he was an honorable man.

2Sa 23:22  These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men. 2Sa 23:23  He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

So while the nation of Israel was at rest, King David began to remember a covenant that he had made with Jonathan a son of King Saul.

This scripture is a special rewarding “type” in the Bible, of the lost being saved for Jesus sake.

And since the Lord had been so gracious to David, King David was in a position to spread that “grace” to others!

When God blesses us, it is His intent that we use His gifts to bless others!

*****2Sa 9:1  And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for “Jonathan’s sake”?

What David already knew:

David knew that King Saul and his three sons had all died in the war with the Philistines.

1Ch 10:2  And the Philistines followed hard after Saul, and after his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.

1Ch 10:6  So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.

What David did not know:

David did not know that a son of Jonathan had survived and escaped the hands of the Philistines even though during that escape his caretaker, while running carrying him, fell causing the child to be lame the remaining days of his life.

2Sa 4:4  And Jonathan, Saul’s son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.

Why was David so concerned?

God had just made a great covenant with David and his seed and God said He would keep this covenant.

King David remembered a covenant he had made with Jonathan the son of King Saul and wanted to make sure he also kept that covenant.

1Sa 20:14  And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not: 1Sa 20:15  But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth. 1Sa 20:16  So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David’s enemies.

How can we expect God to keep His covenants, when we do not keep the ones that we make with each other?

The pure fact is that The Lord God of Creation will keep His covenants regardless of our own actions!

Psa 105:8  He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.

So, David knew he needed to make sure his covenant with Jonathan.

*****2Sa 9:2  And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he. 2Sa 9:3  And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet. 2Sa 9:4  And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.

In verse one, David said he wanted to show “his kindness” but now we see David wanting to show the “same kindness that God had shown to him”.

It is not stated here but Ziba, though he honored King David, he did not care much for Mephibosheth, but Ziba did have knowledge of this grandson of King Saul and son of Jonathan.

Lodebar means “a place of nothing”, a place where grass would not even grow and there was no place to pasture animals.

Compare this place to Psalms 23:

Psa 23:1  The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. Psa 23:2  He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Amos describes Lodebar in this manner:

Amo 6:13  Ye which rejoice “in a thing of nought” which say, Have we not taken to us horns by our own strength?

The family of Machir were loyal to King Saul and had taken in Mephibosheth, Jonathan’s son, when he had no other place to live.

Saul’s own servants had ignored this grandson!

Machir would now become loyal to King David after seeing the king’s kindness to Mephibosheth.

Mephibosheth had lived for a considerable time in obscurity and we should now get the picture, or a “type” of a lost soul being found by the King of Kings.

And King David said:

*****2Sa 9:4  And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 2Sa 9:5  Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.

1) The first picture we should have is the picture of that lost soul in no man’s land, poor, and with no means to improve his own conditions. His name was Mephibosheth.

Because of his condition Mephibosheth hated the God of Israel as his name means in the Hebrew, he had “a reproach for God”.

Mephibosheth did not feel the need for a Savior because he could not realize such a thing was possible!

Mephibosheth did not possess the means to have much of a future!

Most people living in this world do not even know they need a Savior because they do not realize that they are lost!

They feel that if there is some god, then why are they in such a precarious situation, as did Mephibosheth.

2) The next picture we should see is that King David sent for Mephibosheth, not for his own kindness, but for “Jonathan’s sake”.

God’s children are called and saved, not because we deserve anything from God but only for the sake of God’s Son, Jesus.

Eph 4:32  And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God “for Christ’s sake” hath forgiven you.

Jesus Christ is not the cause of God’s love but “Jesus Christ is the channel in which God expresses His love for us all”!

We are not asked to understand the love of God, we are only asked to accept that love as being the same as the love for an “only-begotten-son”.

Eph 2:8  For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: “it is the gift of God”:

3) The next picture we see is that King David sent someone to fetch Mephibosheth.

This a picture of the Holy Ghost but it is a fact of the purpose of Jesus.

Jesus Christ came to seek and to save the lost.

Luk 19:10  For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

1Pe 2:21  For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:

Today God uses the Holy Spirit to do all the calling. It is the Holy Spirit that brings conviction upon hearing the Word of God!

*****2Sa 9:6  Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant!

Throughout the Bible we can see how God truly cares for the fatherless orphan. There is no better example in the Bible than Mephibosheth who had lost not only his father and grandfather but also all his uncles in war.

The greater the wars, the more that are left behind like Mephibosheth!

Mephibosheth had no earthly family!

But, God especially cares for the children of those who love Him!

We already know that there are only two kind of people in this world.

1) Those that reject God.

1Sa 15:23  For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.

2) Those that accept God.

1Jn 5:1  Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten of him. 1Jn 5:2  By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments.

Mephibosheth is an example of that lost soul who had accepted the world in a humanistic way, but now realizes the truth of God.

Mephibosheth cannot understand why the king would look upon such a man as he and he fell on his face and reverenced King David.

Mephibosheth could have never gotten into the palace of the king on his own account!

But, Mephibosheth was allowed to come before King David because it was for “Jonathan’s sake”!

To each saved soul, we are only allowed into the throne room of a Holy God but only for Jesus sake!

If we are to move God, it can only be by the sake of Jesus Christ!

No Prayer, no request, and and no answer can ever come from the Living God if not for Christ Jesus sake!

This world can only be redeemed for Christ Jesus sake!

And then listen as God will know your name!

Isa 43:1  But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, O Israel, Fear not: “for I have redeemed thee”, “I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine”.

And David said.

*****2Sa 9:7  And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father’s sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.

That phrase “Fear not” is used 62 times in the KJV Bible.

How does God respond to request made in Jesus name sake?

Isa 41:13  For I the LORD thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, “Fear not”; I will help thee.

And God never changes.

Rev 1:17  And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, “Fear not”; I am the first and the last:

Mephibosheth truly had much reason to fear!

In the customs of that day it was customary for the victorious king to slay all the family of the previous king.

But here we see how David acted in “Grace”!

Now David had “not stolen” Saul’s land just because he was the new King.

We should remember David was married to Michal the daughter of Saul and was the legal owner of all the things of King Saul. David had every right to this land and these possessions of Saul and he could give them to anyone he wished to.

Num 27:8  And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a man die, and have no son, then ye shall cause his inheritance to pass unto his daughter.

This ownership took place at the death of Ishbosheth the last son of King Saul.

Now we see the kindness again for Jonathan’s sake!

We can see how Mephibosheth is adopted by King David!

It would have been easy to just restore the things to him that his grandfather Saul had owned and sent him on his way but that is not the way of God.

This is the way of God.

Eph 1:5  Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, Eph 1:6  To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

To be adopted by Our Father in Heaven even has a much greater meaning!

Rom 8:15  For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Rom 8:16  The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: Rom 8:17  And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.

King David showed Mephibosheth that he was serious about fulfilling the promise, the covenant, he made with Jonathan, the true earthly father of Mephibosheth.

BUT, God shows every believer that He is serious about fulfilling His promise to His Son Jesus.

Joh 6:39  And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. Joh 6:40  And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

This is a very humbling experience.

*****2Sa 9:8  And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?

What is the “Grace of God”?

Grace may be defined as the unmerited and undeserving favor of God to those who are under condemnation.

Eph 2:8  For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

Mephibosheth realized that he had done nothing to be receiving such a gift and he reached that point that every sinner must reach.

Do I accept this gift or do I reject it?

What would you do?

No, What Will You Do!

When Mephibosheth was sitting at the Kings table, even his lame legs were out of sight before the King.

He had the appearance of a man made whole!

Joh 3:3  Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be “born again”, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

And the king made all the arrangements.

*****2Sa 9:9  Then the king called to Ziba, Saul’s servant, and said unto him, I have given unto thy master’s son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house. 2Sa 9:10  Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master’s son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master’s son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.

Mephibosheth was now a land owner of a great estate that would require many to care for it. We can see that Ziba who had been over the servants of King Saul now had a great opportunity to restore that land to it’s glory and his own family be provided with home, food, and welfare.

Mephibosheth himself had a son named Micha and it would he who would need to be provided for, but Mephibosheth would eat from the King’s Table.

*****2Sa 9:11  Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king’s sons. 2Sa 9:12  And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth. 2Sa 9:13  So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king’s table; and was lame on both his feet.

Ziba agreed to do as King David commanded but Ziba was never sincere and never intended to be a servant to Mephibosheth. Ziba would never honor Mephibosheth and later accused him of treason.

2Sa 16:3  And the king said, And where is thy master’s son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.

Based upon this lie, King David gave all the property of Mephibosheth to Ziba.

2Sa 16:4  Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that pertained unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.

Ziba may have deceived both Mephibosheth and King David.

2Sa 19:26  And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant is lame. 2Sa 19:27  And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes.

King David being unsure of either one divided the land of Saul between the two, but Mephibosheth said let him have it all.

It would be far better to remain at the table of the King.

An adopted son or daughter cannot ever be left out of the inheritance!

2Sa 19:30  And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace “unto his own house”.

The Apostle Paul gave Timothy these words:

2Ti 2:20  But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. 2Ti 2:21  If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master’s use, and prepared unto every good work.

We must make a choice when we choose the Lord Jesus over this world!

We must also make choices after we are saved!

If we purge ourselves of the things that do not honor Our Savior, then and only then can we be made into something useful for the Lord!

Mephibosheth remained in Jerusalem at the king’s table but was still lame and of little use to the king, but the king did not reject him but only because of the covenant he had made with Jonathan!

It is only for “Jesus sake” only that we can stand before Our Holy God!

Joh 14:6  Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

Once we believe this truth with all our heart, we can never be rejected!

Questions?

Let’s Pray!

A Devoted Servant David’s Loyalty

A Devoted Servant David’s Loyalty

1 Samuel Chapter 18-20

When we left off last week the Lord had removed a "giant" named Goliath from hindering the work of his servant David. In fact God had used this incident to make Israel aware that changes were beginning to take place again in Israel.

As the result of David’s victory over Goliath, David was given a permanent place in Saul’s court.

Up until this time David was only called in when King Saul was depressed by that evil spirit and Saul was so caught up in the music that he had not taken notice to the musician.

Saul had not paid much attention to the musician because it was the music that soothed his soul.

David will now get the full attention of King Saul because God will allow it to happen!

Let’s begin:

*****1Sa 17:58  And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
1Sa 18:1  And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.

Had Saul been obedient to the Lord, Jonathan would have been the next king of Israel and we not found a fault in Jonathan in the scriptures. We have not read a physical description of Jonathan. We have only witnessed his character and we have seen bravery,  and cunning, and a warrior dedicated to Israel.

It seems Jonathan would have been a great king.

Jonathan would have been about 30 years old at this time with David nearing 20 years old. Jonathan had witnessed the courage of David because even as brave as he was, he had not challenged Goliath.

So Jonathan’s friendship for David began with an "admiration of David’s faith in the Almighty God"!

Jonathan "witnessed" David’s courage, and his patriotic duty not only to Israel but to the God of Israel!

The most priceless gift we have is salvation!

But, after salvation comes family but along that line we know that friendship also means a great deal to all of us in this world we live in.

The Bible teaches us with these words:

Pro 18:24  A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.

The Lord Jesus uses the word "friend" eleven times in His teaching in the Gospels.

The Bible also says of friendship:

Jas 2:23  And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

When we love the Lord Jesus and believe upon Him (have faith), we are the "Friend of God"

But there is something else we need to know:

Jas 4:4  Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that "the friendship of the world is enmity with God"? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.

We see that we cannot be friends to this world and still be friends with The Lord Jesus Christ!

To be friends with the world is to be the "enemy of God"!

We see that Jonathan has decided to seek friendship with David.

This is our only function after we are saved!

"To reach out to the lost of this world and lead them to Jesus by our own example".

The way we live our lives must be a witness for Jesus!

Sadly but in this world we live in now, it is important to point out that Jonathan was not seeking some homosexual love or some homosexual relationship!

To those that have serve in the military can understand the closeness of comrades in arms and many of us have close friends that we love dearly.

Though they both remained loyal to their own families, this friendship could not be affected by the other things that changed their lives.

We should also not forget that David is on God’s training ground and God took as much time as needed to mold the character of David for at least 20 years before He placed him on the throne of Israel!

*****1Sa 18:2  And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father’s house.
1Sa 18:3  Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.

What is a covenant of friendship?

A covenant is a contract or an agreement between two people.

Friendship is more than good will toward another individual!

Friendship is different from a love for food or a love of objects.

This agreement between Jonathan and David was a solemn agreement, "to keep up and maintain a cordial respect for each other" and to support each other, even in separate interest in life and even after death!

And as God provided, David now had a true friend in Saul’s court, who would plead his cause, and could help to preserve the life of David.

*****1Sa 18:4  And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.

Jonathan was a prince, next in line of the throne of Israel, yet he showed David that he was his equal. There was no better way to show David his favor toward him than to show David that he was also as a prince.

We know that David wore the clothes of a "shepherd" but now wore the clothes of a "prince" but also he wore the weapons and clothes of a "captain" of the army.

These things should remind us of the prophesy of Isaiah:

Isa 9:6  For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isa 9:7  Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.

Jesus Christ is the Good Shepherd.

Jesus Christ is the Prince of Peace.

Jesus Christ is the Captain of our lives.

Jesus Christ is the King of Kings and The Lord of Lords.

It is interesting to note another type of Christ in this scripture:

Php 2:6  Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
Php 2:7  But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
Php 2:8  And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.

Just as Jonathan took of the robes of royalty, Our Lord humbled Himself when He took off His Heavenly garments and took on the role of a shepherd on this earth!

Jesus Christ is truly our friend because Jesus is truly Our Savior!

Jonathan was truly David’s "Friend"!

What did this covenant mean to these two men?

Listen to what Jonathan says in this verse:

*****1Sa 20:42  And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

This is probably the last day that these two friends had some time together.!

It had become too dangerous for these two men to be seen together by this time because they both knew that they had different paths to travel.

Some would say they had different destinies but these paths were chosen for them by the Lord and both of them were obedient to their calling even though Jonathan would go to an early grave because of his loyalty to his own father.

The Lord would be "Mediator" between these two families "Forever"!

The Lord is our "Mediator between us and the Almighty God in Heaven!

The love that David and Jonathan shared is a "type" of the love that each brother and sister in the Lord should have for each other!

This is our example of pure love for one another and not some lustful thing that has little or no meaning!

Jonathan had absolutely nothing to gain from his relationship with David except the knowledge that he had a close friend!

AND, The Lord had absolutely nothing to gain in coming to this world in order to save us "And That Is The Only Reason He Came"!

Joh 3:17  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; "but that the world through him might be saved".

Let’s see how things got to this point:

*****1Sa 18:5  And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

This the theme of our lesson today!

David did not disappoint Saul nor his friend Jonathan but proved himself of the trust they had placed in him.

He did everything his king asked him to do!

David behaved himself wisely. In other words David took the role of a servant to his nation and to his king, and not to himself.

David became general in Saul’s army and the army accepted him though Abner was general over the entire army.

Abner would be included with those servants that took notice of David.

In fact all the people of Israel took notice of him including all of Saul’s servants.

David was prosperous and successful because the Lord was with him!

*****1Sa 18:6  And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.
1Sa 18:7  And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.

David’s stunning victory over Goliath had made it possible for the entire army of Israel to conquer the Philistines.

David was the hero of the people!

Because of what David had done the army pursued and destroyed the Philistines on more than one occasion.

Up until the time of Goliath Saul had led the army of Israel into many battles but his contribution this day was meaningless, but to the people of Israel, but he was still their king.

As this victorious army returned to Israel from such a battle, David’s popularity reached it’s climax and Saul’s fragile self-confidence could take it no more!

*****1Sa 18:8  And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom?
1Sa 18:9  And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

The Bible teaches us:

Pro 27:4  Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

If we want to see what happens to a man after the Spirit of God has departed, "then we have our example with Saul"!

Saul craved the praise of his people but that praise was going to David.

Saul became continually envious and suspicious from that day forward.

David the musician was now David his enemy and Saul’s jealousy could not be contained!

*****1Sa 18:10  And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul’s hand.
1Sa 18:11  And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

Saul now sought the death of David!

Samuel had provided an example to Saul in religious and governmental things but now David was showing Saul the art of a true leader.

David was showing Saul "what he should have been to Israel", instead of what he was!

But Saul’s anger was really directed toward God, because the Lord was with David and Saul could not reach David to cause him harm.

We must always remember that hedge of protection that the Lord provides!

The Bible says:

David did not forget to include this in some of his songs:

Psa 5:12  For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield.

Psa 34:7  The angel of the LORD encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.

And Peter did not forget to teach those that love Jesus:

1Pe 1:5  Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

It was David’s faith that brought him victory and it is that same "faith" that brings victory to all those that love Jesus Christ.

But we must always remember "we are in a battle" and also remember that in every fight there are some that go home with bloody noses and some with cuts and bruises.

David knew that his music was intended to soothe Saul at these times, so he just moved out of the way of that Javelin, which also proves to us that he also kept a keen eye on Saul.

We must also keep a keen eye on what Satan is doing in this world and be ready to dodge his methods!

*****1Sa 18:12  And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul.

Why was Saul afraid of David?

He knew that the Lord was with David and was no longer with him!

Saul had been abandoned by the Holy Spirit, and Saul became a victim of this evil spirit.

*****1Sa 18:13  Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Why was David given the authority over a thousand man army?

Saul was hoping that such a carelessly brave young soldier would die in battle!

David went out against the enemies of Israel and continued to come back from each battle in victory and the people noticed but Saul became the more enraged!

*****1Sa 18:14  And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
1Sa 18:15  Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.

Why was Saul afraid of David?

Saul could see all his failures in the successes of David!

Saul had to realize that he was fighting a loosing battle because the Lord was on the side of David.

We should stop and realize that one of the major problems the unbelieving world has, is this fact the Lord is with His people!

We might not notice every victory that God has over the unbelieving world but they notice because the world is becoming more and more like Saul!

Satan knows he is fighting a loosing battle but he refuses to give in and like Saul tries to kill all those "that the Lord is with" every chance he gets!

If Satan cannot kill us, he then tries to ruin our testimony!

We must wear the "Armor Of God" and keep a keen eye on Satan!

Eph 6:16  Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.

*****1Sa 18:16  But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

They might not have transferred their allegiance from King Saul to David but all of Israel and Judah are drawn to David as a military leader and they followed him into battle.

We should also see this separation of Israel and Judah as these things play out.

And let’s remember why Israel had wanted a king.

1Sa 8:20  That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and [go out before us, and fight our battles].

David was going out to fight their battles but Israel was not ready for him to be their judge!

*****1Sa 18:17  And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD’S battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.

Saul has the "makings" of another plan to get rid of David for good.

We can see how devious he has become!

Saul had publicly committed to offer his daughter’s hand in marriage to the one that had killed Goliath.

But, David sensed that Saul was up to no good.

Being a son-n-law to the king would have even made David more of a trophy to the Philistines, if they could capture or kill him.

*****1Sa 18:18  And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king?

David is truly humbled to get this offer from King Saul but he did not refuse the offer.

David came from a poor family and was still more of a shepherd that he was worthy to be in the king’s family.

*****1Sa 18:19  But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul’s daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.

Saul then withdrew his offer as it seems that he really had no intention of making David a part of his family in hope that he would die fighting with the Philistines.

Saul gave his daughter instead to another man Adriel.

We know very little of this man.

We know that this man was the son of Barzilla.

We know that he was a Meholathite which signifies weakness or sickness.

But, this union brought forth 5 sons who were raised by Michal, Saul’s other daughter.

It seems that both these parents died at a young age shortly after their fifth son was born.

*****1Sa 18:20  And Michal Saul’s daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
1Sa 18:21  And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.

Now Saul had another plan. If he could not make David mad enough to just leave then he would allow David to get close enough to keep an eye on him.

Michal would be Saul’s eyes on David and still David would be a greater target for the Philistines to try to capture of kill.

*****1Sa 18:22  And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king’s son in law.
1Sa 18:23  And Saul’s servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king’s son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed?

Saul has become so devious that he is tempting David with a chance to get his throne.

Remember David had already been anointed by Samuel to be the next king of Israel and David did not yet know what circumstances would allow that to happen so being son-n-law to the king may just be how this thing would take place but this was a bad thought.

Spiritually we continue to see a "type" of sinner in the life of David at this time, knowing that none of us are worthy to be in the Lord’s house, the King of Kings!

But Saul was even more devious than it first seems, as he still thinks he can even keep this marriage from taking place.

*****1Sa 18:24  And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.
1Sa 18:25  And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king’s enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
1Sa 18:26  And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king’s son in law: and the days were not expired.

A hundred men would have to die.

These men were not a part of the covenant with the Lord. (the covenant of circumcision given to Abraham)

The death of these men would bring a shame to their own families and make even greater enemies of the Philistines.

David himself would have to perform this task and David should have refused.

This was not being a true soldier and this not in the will of God!

God later told David about some of these things:

1Ch 22:8  But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Thou hast shed blood abundantly, and hast made great wars: thou shalt not build an house unto my name, [because thou hast shed much blood upon the earth in my sight].

It is not sin to kill as a soldier because God has placed those leaders in place!

But it is great sin to any soldier who kills for "his own reasons" and maims and disfigured his enemy.

God is always watching!

*****1Sa 18:27  Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king’s son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
1Sa 18:28  [And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David], and that Michal Saul’s daughter loved him.
1Sa 18:29  And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David’s enemy continually.
1Sa 18:30  Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.

These things removed any doubt, if Saul had any, that the Lord was surely with David.!

David possessed traits of strength and courage appropriate for a king but he also had wisdom beyond his young years.

Saul was doing everything in his own fleshy power to try to hold on to being king, disregarding what God had said to him through Samuel.

King Saul gives us an example or a "type" of all future national rulers that oppose the Word of God!

Jealousy, rage, deceit, and making up the rules as they go are just a few of things bad leaders show!

We can see these things happening in our own nation!

Now Saul sinks even further, as he knows that Jonathan has a deep friendship with David and he ask even Jonathan to kill David.

*****1Sa 19:1  And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.
1Sa 19:2  But Jonathan Saul’s son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself:
1Sa 19:3  And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.

This plan of Saul’s also backfires because Jonathan is a true friend!

Five more times in chapter 19 there is a reference made to Saul’s intention to kill David.

Saul even tries to use his daughter Michal against David:

*****1Sa 19:17  And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?
1Sa 19:18  So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth.

We can see that Michal had many traits of her father.

But, in all these things David never went against his king!

Spiritually we should see that God never insulates His Saints and His Chosen from trouble and danger.

But God will protect His Children!

David wrote many of the Psalms that prove to us that David realized that sometimes God must lead us through the dark times, in order to make us stronger and to make us aware that it is only He that could have brought us through these things.

Jesus Christ gives us these words to remind us:

Joh 16:33  These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.

Then Jesus ask His Father and our Father for something very special:

Joh 17:14  I have given them thy word; and the world hath hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world.
Joh 17:15  I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, "but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil".

And Jesus adds that one day we should be with Him:

Joh 17:24  Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, "be with me where I am"; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.

We know that God will surely answer this prayer of His beloved Son!

We can be absolutely sure that if we belong to Christ Jesus, through "faith", one day we will see Him in His Glory!

The Bible says:

Isa 33:17  Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.

Questions?

Let’s Pray!