A Cowardly Ruler Saul’s Disobedience
Book of 1 Samuel Chapters 13-15
In last weeks lesson we saw Samuel’s last sermon to the nation of Israel. Samuel was bringing his ministry to Israel to a close. King Saul would now lead Israel and also judge Israel for 40 years.
Israel hopes are in the success of Saul as king.
We saw as the Ammonites were defeated but an enemy that still harassed Israel were still a problem. The Philistines still controlled a large portion of Israel.
The Lord had told Samuel that the new king would deliver Israel from the Philistine:
1Sa 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, [that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines]: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me.
When Samuel had anointed Saul, he had told Saul that when he was anointed by the Holy Spirit and it was time to take action against the Philistines but Saul had refused up to this time.
1Sa 10:5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, [where is the garrison of the Philistines]: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy:
Saul was presented with an opportunity to remove this garrison of Philistines on this day!
In our lesson today we will see these things unfold.
Our lesson today is to know that serving the Lord means doing the right thing, at the right time, and in the right way. God expects all His people to obey His Word and follow His Will!
Disobedience always has consequences!
*****1Sa 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
1Sa 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.
According to time lines Saul began his reign of Israel in 1051 BC and David the next king of Israel was born in 1041 BC.
Saul reigned at least two years before he began to establish an army. Over 300,000 men had offered their services to Saul in the battle with the Ammonites.
But, Saul had only chosen 3000 soldiers and then divided them between himself and his son Jonathan.
*****1Sa 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear.
We will see this son of Saul’s, Jonathan several times in Scripture but we can see the type of this man in this verse, that Jonathan was a brave and victorious soldier.
All these signs will point us to the fact that Jonathan would probably have been a great king had his father not rejected the Lord.
The Philistines controlled Israel at this time and when Jonathan attacked and defeated this Garrison of the Philistines, it was a declaration of war and the Philistines were quick to respond.
This prompted King Saul to gather his troops at Gilgal while the Philistines gathered at Michmash.
Suddenly Saul finds himself in the situation that had been foretold by Samuel, waiting for Samuel to come to Gilgal.
Saul was to wait seven days for Samuel to arrive to offer the appropriate sacrifices.
Even though some time had passed Saul realizes that he was in this situation.
*****1Sa 13:8 And he tarried seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed: but Samuel came not to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
1Sa 13:9 And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering.
1Sa 13:10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might salute him.
For what ever reason that Samuel was delayed, and, Saul goes ahead and offers a sacrifice and this
will bring divine judgment from the Lord.
There can only be one King/Priest and that will be King Jesus!
*****1Sa 13:13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
1Sa 13:14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.
Saul had done a foolish thing and Samuel informed him that because of this, his kingdom would not continue.
Saul is informed that the Lord was seeking a man after his own heart and Saul had failed.
This event began the downfall of King Saul!
*****1Sa 13:19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:
We can see in this verse how the Philistines were denying the children of Israel the ability to defend themselves.
Today in America we call this our second amendment rights. The right to bear arms.
The right to bear arms is not only for hunting and providing food but it also gives the people the ability to defend themselves against an oppressive government.
And, the United Nations is trying to disarm the public in every nation.
The Chaldeans, had a similar policy:
2Ki 24:14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.
The Romans also had this policy and many governments since that time, including Adolf Hitler.
Without weapons, the means to defend themselves, the children of Israel were greatly distressed
1Sa 13:6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and in rocks, and in high places, and in pits.
*****1Sa 14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD’S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
Ahiah was now High Priest of Israel. The High Priest wore the ephod. It was the High Priest that carried the Urim and the Thummim.
At this time in Israel, we have a King whose time is doomed and the representatives of the family of Eli whose priesthood is also doomed.
"This Ahiah is probably the same as Ahimelech who Saul put to death for helping David".
*****1Sa 14:4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
Jonathan had a plan to go against this Philistine garrison.
That word Bozez means "shining" but it can also mean "ooze" which could indicate a bog or a swamp.
That word Seneh means "bush" and probably a thorn bush.
Jonathan had trouble on the left and trouble on the right and straight ahead were the Philistines.
*****1Sa 14:6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: [for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few].
1Sa 14:7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.
1Sa 14:8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.
1Sa 14:9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.
1Sa 14:10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.
In chapter 13 we read that in the face of the enemy, Saul had panicked and not waited on Samuel.
We now see Jonathan, the son of Saul, in this chapter and how much trust and faith he had in the Lord.
There is quite a contrast between father and son!
Jonathan realizes that God is not constrained and can win a war just as easily with a few as with many.
Jesus had these words for all those that believe:
Mat 19:26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.
And the Apostle Paul added these words:
Rom 8:31 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?
Rom 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
*****1Sa 14:18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
1Sa 14:19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
This was another rash decision made by King Saul.
The Ark of God was still in the house of Abinidab even though the Tabernacle may have been in Nob at this time.
And Saul still being in a panic, would not wait on the High Priest to make contact with the Lord.
While these things were going on Saul’s army were not in the battle and were confused!
*****1Sa 14:24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.
Here again we see another rash decision by King Saul.
Saul was so panicked that he would not wait for his army to eat and prepare for the battle and he made the taking of food a capitol crime requiring death.
The army of Saul became so exhausted for want of food, that they could not pursue their enemy!
*****1Sa 14:37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.
God had already delivered the Philistines into the hand of Jonathan, so the Lord was silent at Saul’s request.
AND, it will not be very long before The Lord will cut off all contact with Saul:
1Sa 28:6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
*****1Sa 14:44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.
1Sa 14:45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.
Another reason God had rejected Saul was because of this threat to murder his own son.
Saul had foolishly ordered that no food be eaten by his troops until the Philistines were defeated.
Jonathan, his son, was unaware of this command and had eaten some honey.
The people, however, refused to let Saul carry out this foolish law and saved Jonathan from death.
God saved Israel that day but this was in spite of Saul’s stupidity through all these things:
1) Jonathan had formed the battle plan and had shown his personal courage.
2) God had sent an earthquake that caused the Philistines to tremble and be afraid.
3) There came a panic among the Philistines troops and they fled before Israel.
King Saul could not take credit for any of these things.
*****1Sa 14:52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.
Now Saul tries to surround himself with the strongest and bravest men of all Israel.
This verse fulfills what Samuel had told Israel about their king:
1Sa 8:11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
1Sa 8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
Saul began building an army but not with volunteers.
Saul began to rely on the power of the flesh and not on Power of God!
Remember Saul had not proved his leadership skills when he denied his own army the food to keep them strong and this had also denied them a total victory over the Philistine.
*****1Sa 15:1 Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD.
We will see that God did not finally reject Saul until He had given him one more opportunity to fully carrying out His commands.
We need to realize that God takes us all and puts us in certain conditions to see if we will stay obedient to His Word.
The life we now live is like being on probation!
We have the trial of Saul before us "as an example" as God will not hide anything from us!
Saul began as a humble young man who happened to be the tallest man in Israel but also had a great physique.
We will see as these things fade and fail him!
Saul’s pride in his own self and defiance of God and even later jealousy and envy take over Saul’s life and he becomes a miserable person in himself and a total wreck before his nation.
The Bible says:
1Ti 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:
This first King of Israel became like a shipwreck!
*****1Sa 15:2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt.
We can see that the Lord intends to punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as came up from Egypt!
Exo 17:8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
Remember Balaam and what he prophesied only because he was forced to by the Lord?
Num 24:19 Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shall destroy him that remaineth of the city.
Num 24:20 And when he looked on Amalek, he took up his parable, and said, "Amalek was the first of the nations; but his latter end shall be that he perish for ever".
We now read King Saul’s command.
*****1Sa 15:3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.
Here is what Moses had already told Israel:
Deu 25:17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;
Deu 25:18 How he met thee by the way, and "smote the hindmost of thee", "even all that were feeble" behind thee, "when thou wast faint and weary"; and he feared not God.
Deu 25:19 Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.
This gives us a better idea of just how cruel the people of Amalek truly were and the reason for God’s judgment upon them.
Remember in verse 2, it reads that this was the Lords punishment and when it comes to obeying the commands of the Lord we are to respond without question!
Anything less than total destruction of the Amalekites would be a failure to obey God!
In His holiness and infinite wisdom we are to completely trust knowing that He will never go beyond His own Righteousness and His Own Perfectness.
We do not yet have the wisdom of God and that will only come at the time of the Rapture, when we meet the Lord in the air:
1Jn 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, "we shall be like him"; for we shall see him as he is.
It is at this time we will understand all things!
*****1Sa 15:7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.
Saul gathered an army of 210,000 soldiers and laid wait in a valley until the Kenites had an opportunity to depart from among the Amalekites.
The Kenites were mostly traveling smiths by trade, some would say gypsies, and normally no ones enemies, though they never worshiped the Lord and always held on to their false religion.
Saul and his army won this battle but we see that Saul did not completely obey the Lord!
We also know that the Land from Havilah to Shur was the same land occupied by the descendants of Ishmael:
Gen 25:17 And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people.
Gen 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren.
And we know that the descendants of Esau and the descendants of Ishmael occupied the same land.
God had said:
Rom 9:13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
Oba 1:10 For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, "and thou shalt be cut off for ever".
Mal 1:2 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob,
Mal 1:3 "And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness".
We should never forget these words of the Lord for they still hold true today:
Gen 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
God will punish the wicked or He would not be God!
This promise will be kept just as all other promises will be kept!
*****1Sa 15:8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.
Saul missed his last opportunity to preserve his kingdom for his son Jonathan, who we can see and will see could have been a great king.
Saul was showing respect to a king who ruled a people "that destroyed children" and even "those that could not defend themselves with the old" as we saw when they attacked Israel. They were also cowardly and thieves, who took what they could get from the innocent. (Deut 25:18)
The Apostle Paul used this in his sermon to the Galatians:
Gal 4:28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
Gal 4:29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
Gal 4:30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
Gal 4:31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.
*****1Sa 15:9 But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.
It has already been stated that Saul disobeyed the Lord but we now see that his army also is involved.
Saul had little control of his army and actually feared them as we will see.
This army was also not fighting for the "Glory of God", they were instead fighting for personal profit.
Saul and his army were careful to protect the innocent Kenites but God had said that everything else was "worthless" to Him.
If it was "worthless to the Lord" then it should hold no value to God’s people!
God had given King Saul another chance and he was failing miserably!
It would be these same evil people who would bring Saul to his own death.
Listen as King David questions an Amalekite:
2Sa 1:8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, "I am an Amalekite".
2Sa 1:9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
2Sa 1:10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
Had Saul obeyed the Lord even this could not have happened!
We must realize that when we are not obedient to the Lord it will affect us and our families in the future, as well as today!
*****1Sa 15:10 Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying,
1Sa 15:11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night.
God cannot change His mind and still be God!
AND, God cannot go against His own character regarding sin and it’s consequences!
God explains His statement by saying Saul had turned back from following Him.
Saul had made the decision to go his own way and reject the Word of God!
Samuel had told Saul earlier these words:
1Sa 13:13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: "for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever".
Saul could have been blessed with a kingdom that would have extended through his family but his own actions would cause his kingdom to end with his own 40 year reign.
Samuel had anointed Saul and we have already seen that in the life of Samuel, no one had found a blemish in his ministry.
It grieved Samuel that Saul had caused this thing to come upon Israel.
It was Israel that had demanded a king and their first king was a total failure!
*****1Sa 15:12 And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he set him up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and gone down to Gilgal.
1Sa 15:13 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD.
1Sa 15:14 And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?
Samuel had not slept since God had made His will known to him and in this time Saul "had set up a memorial to himself" in Carmel for his victory.
Saul had ceased in the war with the Amalek with this one victory and proceeded with King Agag and those animals that were not destroyed to Gilgal to make a sacrifice before all of Israel.
Saul seemed very content with himself that he had obeyed the commandment of the Lord and he lied to Samuel about his victory not knowing that Samuel had already been informed by the Lord.
Samuel quickly responds with, "then what is all this noise coming from these animals"?
*****1Sa 15:15 And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.
Again Saul shows the breaking down of his moral character "by laying the blame upon his army".
Saul indicates to Samuel that these were the best of the animals were only saved for the purpose of sacrifice.
We already know that God had said that these things were worthless for any purpose!
*****1Sa 15:16 Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on.
1Sa 15:17 And Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the LORD anointed thee king over Israel?
1Sa 15:18 And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed.
1Sa 15:19 Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the LORD?
That word "stay" meant for Saul to stop his lies and to listen to what the Lord had to say and Saul said "say on".
Samuel reminded Saul how he had been a humble man and felt unworthy to be king but was now full of pride and arrogance, doing things in his own way.
Samuel reminded Saul that it was the Lord that sent him to destroy the Amalekites also using the word "sinners" which means God had already judged them and Saul was to be the executioner and to fight against them until "all" were destroyed.
Saul had not been obedient!
Saul had seized the spoil for his own use,"in an act of greed".
Saul had done these things knowing that nothing can be hid from the Lord.
Saul had "purposely" ignored the Word of God!
*****1Sa 15:20 And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.
1Sa 15:21 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.
Saul breaks in on Samuel before he finishes, not in agreement with these words from Samuel.
Saul admits to bringing back Agag but blames the taking of the spoil upon his army.
*****1Sa 15:22 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.
Samuel says it is better to obey the Word of God, then, there would be no sacrifice needed.
We need no repentance or sacrifice for sins we have not committed!
To the Church we have these words:
1Jn 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
1Jn 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
These are the words of truth but if we stand on the Word of God then we would not have sin to confess:
Eph 6:13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, [that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, "to stand"].
If we stand on the Word of God then we will have less sin in our lives and no sacrifice is needed.
We need forgiveness only for those things that go against the Word of God!
*****1Sa 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.
What is the sin of witchcraft? Witchcraft is "divination" or the telling of future events.
It is a false system for trying to find the divine will of God!
Rebelling against God is going our own way!
Pro 16:25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, "but the end thereof are the ways of death".
And being too stubborn is to insist that your are innocent as Saul has done!
Saul was his own idol at this time!
Because he had rejected the Lord, he was therefore rejected of the Lord!
*****1Sa 15:24 And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice.
1Sa 15:25 Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.
1Sa 15:26 And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected thee from being king over Israel.
While Saul was trying to confess his sin, he began making excuses for his sin.
Saul was more concerned about his reputation before the people than in the eyes of God!
This is not an attitude of repentance!
Samuel could not join Saul because it would look like he was still in support of Saul.
Saul was rejected because he had rejected the Word of God!
Why will this earth be punished?
Jer 6:19 Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, "because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my law, but rejected it".
We are judged by God’s Word and only God’s Word!
*****1Sa 15:27 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.
1Sa 15:28 And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou.
Because of Saul’s own evil conduct and bad behavior the kingdom of Saul would end with his reign and be given to another.
We know that this neighbor would be none other than David who would be a man after God’s own heart and therefore better than Saul whose heart had turned to himself.
*****1Sa 15:29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent.
It is Jehovah who is the true "Strength" of Israel and what God purposes "He will bring to pass".
God will never change His purpose!
What is God’s Purpose?
1Ti 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour;
1Ti 2:4 Who will have all men to be saved, [and to come unto the knowledge of the truth].
God will never deviate nor repent from this purpose and those that reject Him will suffer for that choice.
2Th 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; [because they received not the love of the truth], "that they might be saved".
*****1Sa 15:30 Then he said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee, before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD thy God.
1Sa 15:31 So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped the LORD.
Samuel could not pardon the sin of Saul only the Lord could do that.
It was in the best interest of Israel for their allegiance to remain with Saul at this time, that he be not despised.
And Samuel needed to do what Saul had neglected to do!
*****1Sa 15:32 Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.
1Sa 15:33 And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.
This cruel king who would kill a child, even sacrificing his own children to false gods.
He murdered the old with the young.
He lived an immoral lifestyle.
He rejected the Word of God and hated God?s people.
Yet he now begged for mercy.
There would be no mercy!
*****1Sa 15:34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul.
1Sa 15:35 And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.
Samuel went no more to council King Saul because he had been rejected of the Lord, yet he did mourn for him.
King Saul had lost his dynasty, his character, and his throne and his crown.
He had lost a godly friend in Samuel.
We will soon see David appear on the scene and Saul will loose his self control and his good sense and will soon loose it all including his own life.
This was the decision he had made for himself and the results were that he was judged by the Word of God.
Rev 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.