New Testament Survey (Book of Hebrews)



The book of Hebrews is commonly believed to have been written by the Apostle Paul. This book begins in a way that is a bit different than his other books though it ends similarly. As we know all scripture is inspired of God. All scripture is profitable for Doctrine.

2Ti 3:16  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

So the actual writer is not as important as the truth of God’s Word. It was extremely tough on a Jew to give up his beliefs in Judaism and convert to a Christian. A Jew would be immediately treated as a dead person, treated as they did not exist and could not find work. They would be thrown out of their worship centers. EXCOMMUNICATED, Expelled or separated from communion with a church, and a participation of its ordinances, rights and privileges.

The “THEME” of the Book of Hebrews is “BETTER THINGS”. Things are better with Jesus Christ! IT’S THE WISE CHOICE.

The Book of Hebrews was written to “ENCOURAGE THE JEWS” and all CHRISTIANS.

Act 15:9  And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.

Rom 3:22  Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
Rom 3:23  For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

Rom 10:12  For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.


Heb 1:4  Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

     a.) The Contrast:

Heb 1:1  God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers [by the prophets],
Heb 1:2  Hath in these last days spoken unto us [by his Son], whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

We can see that no matter who God spoke through in the past, HE NOW SPEAKS TO US THROUGH HIS SON JESUS. Jesus is “Heir” to “ALL” things. It is Jesus who will set on the throne of David.

Luk 1:32  He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
Luk 1:33  And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

It is Jesus who will rule the government!

Isa 9:6  For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isa 9:7  Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isa 9:8  The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.

     b.) THE WARNING:

Heb 2:1  [Therefore] we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.

The word [therefore] refers back to the previous scripture,

(because God speaks through His Son)

Heb 2:2  [For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward];

If the word of God spoken by His angels was steadfast and sure, “THEN THEREFORE” WE HAD BETTER PAY ATTENTION TO THE WORDS SPOKEN OF JESUS CHRIST HIS SON!

Heb 2:3  [How shall we escape], if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;


God does not waste scripture. There is no wasted Word of God. Jesus Christ is just THE MORE IMPORTANT. [Therefore] we need to give more earnest heed to Jesus.

Isa 45:17  But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.
Isa 45:18  For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
Isa 45:19  I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.


Heb 2:16  [For verily he took not on him the nature of angels]; (but he took on him the seed of Abraham).
Heb 2:17  Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

God could just as easily have come as an angel but GOD CHOSE to come to us in the same flesh that we carry every day.

Php 2:5  Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Php 2:6  Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
Php 2:7  But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
Php 2:8  And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Php 2:9  Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
Php 2:10  That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
Php 2:11  And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.


Heb 3:3  For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.
Heb 3:4  For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

To the Jew, Moses was the greatest man that ever lived. A “prophet” in fact in the Book of Psalms he is said to be chief of prophets.

     a.) Jesus Christ is the “True” servant.

Heb 3:5  And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, [as a servant], for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;
Heb 3:6  But Christ [as a son] over his own house; [whose house are we], if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

Moses was a servant, and a great man but, JESUS CHRIST “AS THE SON” OF GOD WAS A “TRUE” SERVANT.

Php 2:7  But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:

Joh 8:35  And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.

HE WILL ABIDE FOREVER IN HIS HOUSE. (whose house are we)

     b.) THE WARNING:

Heb 3:7  Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, [To day if ye will hear his voice],
Heb 3:8  [Harden not your hearts], as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

The Holy Ghost says [the very day] you hear the truth of the Lord Jesus Christ, THEN THAT DAY “TODAY” IS THE DAY OF SALVATION. If you wait then it could be to late!


Heb 4:14  Seeing then that [we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens], Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
Heb 4:15  For [we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities]; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
Heb 4:16  Let us [therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace], that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

     a.) Jesus is greater than Aaron:

Heb 5:1  For [every high priest taken from among men] is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:
Heb 5:2  Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that [he himself also is compassed with infirmity].
Heb 5:3  And [by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins].
Heb 5:4  [And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron].
Heb 5:5  [So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee].

As the “sin free” Son of God, Christ had no infirmities. Jesus Christ had and “HAS” no sin to repent of. Christ was also called of God as the scripture shows. The High Priest could only go in the Holy of Holies once a year. The  High Priest had a special dress code to meet. He also had to present the blood of an innocent animal before he entered in, “BUT” all High Priests tied a rope to their leg just in case they had failed in some way, for God would strike them dead and the rope was used to pull them back out. They had bells on the seams of their garments so they could be heard when they were moving. If no bells were heard then those outside the Holy of Holies would pull the rope to get them out.

     b.) The Appeal:
Heb 6:12  That ye be not slothful, [but followers of them who through faith] and patience inherit the promises.
Heb 6:13  For when God made promise to Abraham, [because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself],


Psa 50:14  Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High:
Psa 50:15  And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.


Heb 7:22  By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

     a.) The greatness of Melchizedek:

Heb 7:1  For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, [priest of the most high God], who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;
Heb 7:2  [To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all]; first being by interpretation [King of righteousness], and after that also [King of Salem], which is, [King of peace];
Heb 7:3  [Without father], [without mother], [without descent], [having neither beginning of days, nor end of life]; (but made like unto the Son of God); [abideth a priest continually].

Gen 14:18  And [Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God].
Gen 14:19  And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
Gen 14:20  And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

The Jewish people had a special reverence for Melchizedek. Melchizedek set up a great feast, somewhat similar to the Lord’s Supper and fed the returning army of Abraham. Was this the reincarnate Son of God of the Old Testament. Many believe it is and it very well could be.


     b.) There is a New Priesthood:

Heb 7:11  If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) [what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec], and not be called after the order of Aaron?
Heb 7:12  [For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law].

We now have the priesthood of the believer made possible by GOD’S NEW LAW OF “GRACE”.

Heb 4:16  Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.


Heb 7:24  But this man, [because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood].
Heb 7:25  Wherefore [he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him], [seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them].

     d.) It is a PERFECT PRIESTHOOD!

Heb 7:26  For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
Heb 7:27  Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: [for this he did once, when he offered up himself].

     e.) Because it is a PERFECT COVENANT!

Heb 8:1  Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: [We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens];
Heb 8:2  [A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched], and not man.
Heb 8:3  [For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer].
Heb 8:4  [For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest], (seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
Heb 8:5  Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount).
Heb 8:6  [But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises].
Heb 8:7  For if that first covenant had been faultless, [then should no place have been sought for the second].



     a.) The “Limits” of the old sacrifice:

Heb 9:9  Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
Heb 9:10  Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

This sacrifice was good only for a year and was continuous one year at a time.

     b.) The “perfection” of the “new sacrifice”:

Heb 9:11  But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
Heb 9:12  Neither by the blood of goats and calves, [but by his own blood] he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

Zec 3:9  For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and [I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day].

One day the day of the Cross.

1Pe 1:18  Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;
1Pe 1:19  But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:


Heb 9:13  For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
Heb 9:14  [How much more shall the blood of Christ], [who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God]?
Heb 9:15  And for this cause [he is the mediator of the new testament], that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, [they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance].

VI.) The Hall of Fame of “FAITH”:

Chapter 11:1-40 Please read.

Eph 2:8  For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
Eph 2:9  Not of works, lest any man should boast.

     a.) The “definition” of FAITH:

Heb 11:1 [Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen].
Heb 11:2  For by it the elders obtained a good report.
Heb 11:3  Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

     b.) The Examples:

Heb 11:4  By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain,

Heb 11:5  By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death

Heb 11:7  By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house;

Heb 11:8  By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

Heb 11:11  Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed,

Heb 11:17  By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac:

And many more:

Heb 11:32  And what shall I more say? [for the time would fail me] to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:
Heb 11:33  [Who through faith subdued kingdoms], [wrought righteousness], [obtained promises], [stopped the mouths of lions],
Heb 11:34  [Quenched the violence of fire], [escaped the edge of the sword], [out of weakness were made strong], [waxed valiant in fight], [turned to flight the armies of the aliens].



Luk 17:6  And the Lord said, [If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed], ye might say unto this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you.

Mat 17:20  And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, [If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed], ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.



Heb 12:1  [Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses], [let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us],
Heb 12:2  Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

wherefore: (for this reason)

We know that clouds are in the sky. Is God telling us that these who had so much faith in the book of Hebrews are watching and witnessing to see if we have such faith OR ANY FAITH.

Then we need to lay aside anything that keeps us from serving God through the Lord Jesus Christ.

Beset means: To surround; to inclose; to hem in; to besiege; as, we are beset with enemies; a city is beset with troops. Hence, To press on all sides, so as to perplex; to entangle, so as to render escape difficult or impossible.


Heb 11:6  But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

Heb 10:23  Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)
Heb 10:24  And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:
Heb 10:25  Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

1Th 1:3  Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;
1Th 1:4  Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.

     a.) The Preacher/Teacher RESPONSIBILTIY:

[let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us],

1Co 9:24  Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.

Rom 13:13  Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
Rom 13:14  But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.

2Co 7:1  Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

2Ti 2:4  No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.



Heb 4:2  For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: [but the word preached did not profit them, (not being mixed with faith) in them that heard it].


Luk 11:28  But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.

Joh 13:17  If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.

Ecc 12:13  Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: [for this is the whole duty of man].


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