New Testament Survey (Mark and Luke)

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“NEW TESTAMENT SURVEY” [Mark and Luke]

THE BOOK OF MARK

INTRO:

The Book of Mark is one of the three “synoptic” Gospels. The other two being Matthew and Luke. A synoptic Gospel offers us a general view of the life of Jesus and His ministry.

If you were on the scene of an accident along with two other eye witnesses and some one asked you what you saw, you would of course give your view of how the accident happened. The other two witnesses would offer their view of the same accident. In most all, if not all, cases the reporting officer would have three slightly different reports of the same accident.

When we read Matthew, Mark and Luke then we get three slightly different views of the same time in the life off Jesus Christ. By the way Christ is not the last name of Jesus but is used in place of the word “Messiah”. Jesus Christ was and is the Jewish Messiah. “The ANNOINTED ONE”. His coming was told from the very beginning of the Bible. We should study and read all the Bible.

2Ti 3:16  [All] scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

Messiah=MESSI’AH, a. [Heb. anointed.] Christ, the ; the Savior of the world.

Joh 4:25 says  The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.

This man Mark was a cousin to Barnabas. The same Barnabas that helped the Apostle Paul.

Col 4:10  Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and [Marcus, sister’s son to Barnabas], (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;)

This is the same Mark that had parents that allowed a Church to begin in their home.

Act 12:12  And when he had considered the thing, he came to the house of Mary the mother of John, whose surname was Mark; where many were gathered together praying.
Act 12:13  And as Peter knocked at the door of the gate, a damsel came to hearken, named Rhoda.
Act 12:14  And when she knew Peter’s voice, she opened not the gate for gladness, but ran in, and told how Peter stood before the gate.

This also the same Mark that was part of the dispute between Paul and Barnabas. Did we notice that even in dispute “neither Paul Nor Barnabas quit their ministry”.

Act 15:37  And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark.
Act 15:38  But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work.
Act 15:39  And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;
Act 15:40  And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the grace of God.

We can see that Paul later thought very highly of Mark:

2Ti 4:11 says  Only Luke is with me. [Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry].

And we can see that Mark was probably led to the Lord by the Apostle Peter:

1Pe 5:13  The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth [Marcus my son].

The Book of Mark is thought to have been written in 65ad. Before the Temple was destroyed.

I.) THE MESSAGE:

     1.) The Book of Mark stresses the importance of the right “DOCTRINE”.

Mar 4:2 says  And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,

Mar 4:34 says  But without a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, he expounded all things to his disciples.

Mar 3:23 says  And he called them unto him, and said unto them in parables, How can Satan cast out Satan?

Mar 12:38 says  And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,

We can learn from The Book of Mark the Why, the What, the When and the Where of how we believe like we believe.

Most people of our time choose the Cafeteria style of Doctrine. They pick and choose: (a little this, a little that and no, no, None of that). WE EITHER ACCEPT JESUS CHRIST AS LORD OR WE HAVE NOT ACCEPTED HIM AT ALL.

     2.) The Book of Mark shows us that “MIRACLES” are “natural” with God.

Mar 2:10 says  But that ye may know that [the Son of man hath power on earth] to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)

Mar 6:41  And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, [he looked up to heaven], and blessed, and brake the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before them; and the two fishes divided he among them all.

Mar 7:34  And [looking up to heaven], he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened.

     3.) The Book of Mark tells us(me) there WILL BE OPPOSITION IF I LIVE FOR GOD.

Mar 3:6  And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him.

Mar 8:15  And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod.

Mar 12:13  And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.

    4.) The Book of Mark “HIGHLIGHTS” THE AUTHORITY OF JESUS.

Mar 7:7  Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
Mar 7:8  For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do.
Mar 7:9  And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. 

II.) THE BOOK:

     1.) The Introduction:

Chapter 1:1-13

Tied to the Old Testament Prophets:

Mar 1:1  [The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God];
Mar 1:2  [As it is written in the prophets], Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

Jesus is “Mightier” than those prophets and John the Baptist:

Mar 1:7  And preached, saying, [There cometh one mightier than I after me], the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.

Proper Baptism:

Mar 1:8  I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.

The Holy Trinity:

Mar 1:9  And it came to pass in those days, that [Jesus] came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan.
Mar 1:10  And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and [the Spirit like a dove descending upon him]:
Mar 1:11  And there came [a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased].

Temptation:

Mar 1:12  And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness.
Mar 1:13  And he was there in the wilderness forty days, [tempted of Satan]; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.

     2.) His work at Galilee (The land area near and around the Sea of Galilee).

Chapters 2-7

It was the scene of some of the most memorable events of Jewish history. Galilee also was the home of our Lord during at least thirty years of his life. The first three Gospels are chiefly taken up with our Lord’s public ministry in this province. “The entire province is encircled with a halo of holy associations connected with the life, works, and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.” “It is noteworthy that of his thirty-two beautiful parables, no less than nineteen were spoken in Galilee. And it is no less remarkable that of his entire thirty-three great miracles, twenty-five were wrought in this province. His first miracle was wrought at the wedding in Cana of Galilee, and his last, after his resurrection, on the shore of Galilee’s sea. In Galilee our Lord delivered the Sermon on The Mount, and the discourses on ‘The Bread of Life,’ on ‘Purity,’ on ‘Forgiveness,’ and on ‘Humility.’ In Galilee he called his first disciples; and there occurred the sublime scene of the Transfiguration”.

The Galilean accent differed from that of Jerusalem in being broader and more guttural.

Mar 14:70  And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou art one of them: for thou art a Galilaean, and [thy speech agreeth thereto].

Highlights:

healing

Mar 2:4  And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay.
Mar 2:5  When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.

the sick need a physician Jesus came for sinners:

Mar 2:17 says  When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

demons

Mar 3:11 says  And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God.

rejection

Mar 6:4 says  But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house.
Mar 6:5  And he could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them.

     3.) The Move North:

Chapters 7-9

Tyre and Sidon

Mar 7:24  And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it: but he could not be hid.

four thousand fed

Mar 8:9 says  And they that had eaten were about four thousand: and he sent them away.
Mar 8:10  And straightway he entered into a ship with his disciples, and came into the parts of Dalmanutha.

Peter’s famous words

Mar 8:29 says  And he saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Peter answereth and saith unto him, Thou art the Christ.

The transfiguration at Mtn. Hermon

Mar 9:2  And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them.
Mar 9:3  And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.
Mar 9:4  And there appeared unto them Elias with Moses: and they were talking with Jesus.
Mar 9:5  And Peter answered and said to Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
Mar 9:6  For he wist not what to say; for they were sore afraid.

     4.) The Move South:

Chapters 10-13

Mar 10:1  And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.

Acknowledges Creation by the Book of Genesis

Mar 10:6  But [from the beginning of the creation] God made them male and female.
Mar 10:7  For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;
Mar 10:8  And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.

None good but God

Mar 10:18  And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.

When Jesus comes nigh

Mar 11:1  And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples,

My house a House of Prayer

Mar 11:17  And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.

The sinner cannot know the scriptures

Mar 12:24  And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?

The Greatest Commandment

Mar 12:30  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

The Gospel must be published among all nations

Mar 13:10  And the gospel must first be published among all nations.

     5.) The Focus: (important meat of the message)

Chapters 14-16

Focus on Christ

Mar 14:6  And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.
Mar 14:7  For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good: [but me ye have not always.]

It is better to not have ever lived than to deny Jesus Christ!

Mar 14:21  The Son of man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.

The false counsel:

Mar 15:1  And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.

     6.) THE CONCLUSION:

Chapter 16:9-20

Go tell them but especially tell Peter

Mar 16:2  And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
Mar 16:3  And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?
Mar 16:4  And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great.
Mar 16:5  And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted.
Mar 16:6  And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.
Mar 16:7  But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.

The Commission, Be a witness:

Mar 16:15  And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.

THE BOOK OF LUKE

INTRO:

We know that men are saved from all walks of life. Luke was a physician. We know how doctors keep accurate records and go into a lot of detail. Well we can see that Luke goes a little further into detail on many things in The Gospel according to Luke.

Paul wrote:

Col 4:14  Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you.

Luke wrote like a doctor.

I.) THE MAIN THEMES

     1.) Luke talks about “JOY” and “PRAISE” over and over again. Luke was an educated man. It seems that most highly educated men have a liking of joy.

Luk 2:10  And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.
Luk 2:11  For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

     2.) Luke talks a lot about the “Holy Spirit”.

The Holy Spirit is the oil the makes the machinery of God run smoothly and keeps it running.

Luk 3:22  And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

     3.) Luke talks a lot about “Forgiveness”.

Luk 6:37  Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: ([forgive], and ye shall be forgiven):

The forgiveness we get from God must be passed on in forgiveness of “ALL” others.

     4.) Luke talks a lot about “Prayer”.

Luk 6:12  And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

     5.) Luke talks a lot about “MONEY”.

Luk 11:41  But rather [give alms of such things as ye have]; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luk 11:42  But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and [not to leave the other undone].

     6.) Luke talks a lot about women and children.

Luk 24:10  It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and [other women that were with them], which told these things unto the apostles.

Luk 18:16  But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.

(Chapter 8:40-56 Chapter 9: 37-43)

II.) THE BOOK:

     1.) The Early Days.

Chapters 1-4

Luke captures more of the Early life of Jesus.

The Birth, The Baptism, The Childhood, The Carpenter.

The Saviour:

Luk 2:25  And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.
Luk 2:26  And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord’s Christ.
Luk 2:27  And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law,
Luk 2:28  Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said,
Luk 2:29  Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:
Luk 2:30  For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,
Luk 2:31  Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;
Luk 2:32  A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.

     2.) The beginning of the Ministry of Jesus.

Chapters 4-9

Luk 4:14  And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

He allows us to see our faults.

Luk 5:8  When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, Depart from me; [for I am a sinful man], O Lord.

He points to the truth.

Luk 6:5  And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

He honors faith.

Luk 7:9  When Jesus heard these things, he marvelled at him, and turned him about, and said unto the people that followed him, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel.

The seed.

Luk 8:11  Now the parable is this: [The seed is the word of God].

Our AWESOME GOD.

Luk 9:43  [And they were all amazed at the mighty power of God]. But while they wondered every one at all things which Jesus did, he said unto his disciples,

   3.) The WORK in Jerusalem.

Chapters 9-19

Is Jesus in the House.

Luk 10:6  And if [the son of peace] be there, your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it shall turn to you again.

Teach me to pray.

Luk 11:1  And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, [teach us to pray], as John also taught his disciples.

Fear the Lord God.

Luk 12:5  But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.

Who binds us in sickness.

Luk 13:16  And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, [whom Satan hath bound], lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?

I must bear my cross.

Luk 14:27  And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

Heaven rejoices with every salvation.

Luk 15:7  I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.

The law of Grace.

Luk 16:16  The law and the prophets were until John: [since that time the kingdom of God is preached], and every man presseth into it.

Don’t mess with God’s Children.

Luk 17:2  It were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he cast into the sea, than that he should offend one of these little ones.

Will there be anyone left who believes when He comes.

Luk 18:8  I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?

Zacchaeus, get down out of that tree.

Luk 19:4  And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycomore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.
Luk 19:5  And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house.

     4.) Jesus proves He is the Messiah.

Chapters 19-24

I was a wild colt one day.

Luk 19:33  And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?
Luk 19:34  And they said, The Lord hath need of him.

He teaches the truth.

Luk 20:21  And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly:

Tithing is giving part of what you need.

Luk 21:2  And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither two mites.

Jesus Proves He is the Messiah.

Luk 22:34 says  And he said, [I tell thee], Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.

Jesus prophesied the future.

{The Rooster that preached to Peter and brought him under conviction}.

Luk 22:60  And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.

[Did God pinch that Chicken]

The future was just as Jesus said.

Peter remembered.

Luk 22:61  And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Luk 22:62  And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

A true Christian cannot sin without and it not bother him. Conviction will eat you up.

The hypocrites true side shows.

Luk 23:5  And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

Luk 23:10  And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him.

The Day of the Lord(Sunday)

Luk 24:1  Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.
Luk 24:2  And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre.
Luk 24:3  And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.

     5.) TO THE LOST:

THE BOOK OF LUKE PROVES I NEED A SAVIOUR.

      6.) TO THE SAVED:

THE BOOK OF LUKE TELLS ME ” I NEED TO BE INVOLVED IN GOD’S WORK”.

Luk 24:32 SAYS  And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, [while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures]?

Luk 24:36  And as they thus spake, [Jesus himself stood in the midst of them], (and saith unto them, Peace be unto you).

Are you involved?

Amen

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