David’s Mistake

David’s Mistake

2 Samuel 6; 1 Chronicles 13-16

In our last lesson David was made king over all of Israel. We saw that God is actually seeking someone to get involved in government. David went from a lowly shepherd to become a great king but only by the hand of God.

Other nations noticed the blessings Israel was seeing and Hiram of Tyre joined David to bring great commerce to Israel. This should sound familiar to those of America.

But great wealth and power will sometimes bring with it pride, lust, mistakes and an ignoring of the truth of God.

God makes this very clear:

Pro 16:25  There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.

Let’s begin:

*****2Sa 6:1  Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. 2Sa 6:2  And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.

Twice before we have seen David gather his chosen men but both of those times it was to war with the Philistines and both of these times David had done something very important.

David had enquired of the Lord and to do that he had gone to the High Priest.

We must realize that we are to enquire of the Lord in everything.

The things God has written down for us to learn are even more important than the dangers we may see in this world.

It did not require a mighty army to move the Ark of God! It required only for things to be done as He had written down for us to follow in His Holy Word.

We cannot pick and choose what parts of God’s Word we are going to follow.

The Bible still says:

2Ti 2:15  “Study” to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

We must “study” God’s Word and pray for His guidance and then “rightly divide” the Word of God.

To rightly divide is to ask, to whom did God write these commands.

David had been given this same command:

Deu 17:18  And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: Deu 17:19  And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: Deu 17:20  That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

God never changes.

The Ark had been used in error of the Word of God and the Ark could only be returned by following the Word of God.

David made it his mission to restore religion to Israel but religion is not worship and worship of the Lord can only begin when we are obedient to God’s Word.

Obedience is the greatest worship we can offer to the Lord Our God.

Heb 11:6  But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

How did David go wrong?

*****2Sa 6:3  And “they set the ark of God upon a new cart”, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 2Sa 6:4  And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.

David wanted to honor the God of Israel and his personal God and these were great intentions but David also had a secret desire to build a special sanctuary for the Lord.

His first step was to bring the Ark of the Covenant to the new capitol city of Jerusalem. David had involved all the key leaders and all the politicians but he had not studied the Word of God nor consulted with the High Priest.

This was another attempt by David to restore Israel in one accord with God, and get this nation focused on the Lord God of Israel, but it must be done properly and in order.

David was seeking to have “One Nation Under God”!

We have forgotten this in America where our founding fathers also strived to have “One Nation Under God”!

All very admirable intentions!

But what had God said concerning the Ark?

There was to be only one mode of transport for the Ark!

Num 7:8  And four wagons and eight oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari, according unto their service, under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. Num 7:9  But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was “that they should bear upon their shoulders”.

Our relationship with God must be a personal thing!

We should have a clear understanding, we must reverence the Word of God.

God says what He means and God means what He says!

If these things do not hold true, then how could we trust any of the Word of God.

If these things were not done by the Word of God, then God has this warning.

Num 18:3  And they shall keep thy charge, and the charge of all the tabernacle: only they shall not come nigh the vessels of the sanctuary and the altar, “that neither they, nor ye also, die”.

God will have His work done in His way and will not or cannot bless us if we carry it out based on the wrong principles!

We must seek the Lords directions continually or we will continuously do things in a wrong way and God will not bless the work we do.

What method did David choose to use.

When the Philistines had had the Ark of God in their own possession and found that God was not going to allow that to happen they came up with a way to get rid of the Ark.

1Sa 6:7  Now therefore “make a new cart, and take two milch kine”, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them: 1Sa 6:8  And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.

This is the way the Ark had made it to the house of Abinadab. The Philistines were ignorant of the ways of God but David and all of Israel had the Word of God to follow and not the ways of a pagan people.

God still says:

2Co 6:17  Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, 2Co 6:18  And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

We absolutely cannot do the things the world does and please God, EVEN IF WE HAVE GOOD INTENTIONS!

Even Abinadab, who was a Levite, should have known better. The Ark had been in his possession for 20 years and his whole household had been blessed.

The Ark was a symbol that God was with Israel and they longed for it’s possession but if we must first realize that we need “a personal relationship” with the Lord.

The Lord owns us, we cannot own Him!

One of the sons of Abinadab went before the Ark and Uzzah another son walked by the side of the Ark.

1Ch 13:7  And they carried the ark of God in a new cart out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the cart.

This day began by bringing a joyous excitement to David and all of Israel.

*****2Sa 6:5  And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

Moses had a phrase that he used every time the Tabernacle was raised and the children of Israel moved forward.

Num 10:35  And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee.

King David had this same felling this day but this would soon change and that joy would soon turn to sorrow.

King David had not followed the ways of Moses but only the ways of the Philistines.

We can never follow the ways of the world and still please The Lord even with good intentions!

We have clear instructions in our worship of the Lord!

The New Testament Church must realize that these things written in the Old Testament are written for our examples and we must learn from them.

The Bible still contains these words.

1Co 10:6  Now “these things were our examples”, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.

1Co 10:11  Now “all these things happened unto them for ensamples”: and “they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come”. 1Co 10:12  Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

We must study all the Word of God!

Uzzah would fall this day and we will fall if we follow in his foot steps.

How do we keep from falling?

2Pe 1:3  According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 2Pe 1:3  According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 2Pe 1:4  Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. 2Pe 1:5  And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; 2Pe 1:6  And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; 2Pe 1:7  And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity.

2Pe 1:9  But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

When we are blind to the things of God we will fall!

*****2Sa 6:6  And when they came to Nachon’s threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. 2Sa 6:7  And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

Nachon’s threshing floor, also called the threshing floor of Chidon in the first Book of Chronicles, was a place not far north-west of Jerusalem.

Now we do not know if Uzzah had just become complacent because the Ark had been in his own house for 20 years.

What he did may have just been an innocent act.

BUT, there was already enough irreverence going on and God was not about to allow these things to continue!

What David had done was wrong!

The Levites who were with him and had allowed this were wrong!

What Uzzah had done was even more wrong!

It is a rare thing for us to witness the anger of the Lord but we must realize we can sometimes be the cause of that anger.

The Bible does still say these words:

Pro 2:11  Discretion shall preserve thee, “understanding shall keep thee”:

Pro 3:1  My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments: Pro 3:2  “For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee”.

Pro 3:5  Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and “lean not” unto thine own understanding.

God took the life of Uzzah for his own error not because of what David had done.

We may not totally understand why but we must also remember God looks into the heart and God could see the true intentions of Uzzah and it is not for us to question what the Lord did but to learn from these things so we do not make the same mistakes!

We sometimes wonder why some godly people are taken from this life in what we see as early but it is God’s plan and we must trust that what God does is best for us all!

Rom 8:28  And “we know that all things work together for good to them that love God”, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

But David did not understand these things this day!

*****2Sa 6:8  And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.

In chapter 5 we saw and witnessed as the Lord had broken forth upon the Philistines and caused their destruction.

In this verse we see the Lord break forth on a Levite, one of the children of Israel, and cause his destruction.

David witnessed both of these things and David had special name for this place, Perezuzzah or the “place where the Lord broke forth”.

King David was not only displeased but this brought a new fear of the awesome power of God.

King David realized he was just a man and even with his kingly power and riches, he was no match for the Almighty God!

*****2Sa 6:9  And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?

David woke up to the fact that all of our lives are in the hands of God.

Christ Jesus gave us these words:

Mat 10:28  And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: “but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell”.

We should have this same fear of the Lord.

The Bible teaches us.

Heb 12:28  Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God “acceptably” [with reverence and godly fear]: Heb 12:29  For our God is a consuming fire.

We can sometimes treat God as our daddy and it be ok.

But We Can Never Treat God Like He Is Our Next Door Neighbor and please Him!

We must reverence the Lord at all times!

We can go boldly before the throne of God but when we get there we best humble our selves before Our Mighty God.

That boldness must be tempered with modesty and a religious fear!

We must never forget that we are sinners and that Our God is a consuming fire.

Consuming fires do not go out nor can they be put out, until all the fuel is burned!

So David began to realize his mistake.

*****2Sa 6:10  So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

A Gittite would be some one from the city of Gath-rimmon.

This city had been assigned to the Levites and specifically to the family of Kohath.

It was the family of Kohath who were suppose to carry the Ark of God upon their shoulders.

Num 7:9  But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that they should bear upon their shoulders.

After Uzzah had died at the hands of God, David realized his wrong and placed the Ark with a member of the family of Kohath, who by the laws of Moses could handle the Ark when it was not in the Holy of Holies.

It would take three more months for King David to get things done in the order that God required.

God is a God of order and not the God of confusion!

1Co 14:33  For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

The house of Obededom was blessed during this time.

*****2Sa 6:11  And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

A great truth can be learned here.

Whosoever has “the mind of Uzzah” and “thinks that Our Lord is in danger in this world and has a need for human help”, will probably die in their actions.

God is never in danger of anything or anyone in this world!

But whosoever receives The Lord, into his own home and his own family, “with all his heart” will receive the blessings of God.

God does not need our help!

God just needs for us to obey His Word!

So 3 full months past by.

*****2Sa 6:12  And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.

When we can realize our mistakes we always find that God’s anger “may be kindled” from time to time, but His mercy is present at all times!

Rom 5:20  Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. “But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound”: Rom 5:21  That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

King David realized he had to do things God’s way so then he called on the High Priest.

1Ch 15:11  And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites, for Uriel, Asaiah, and Joel, Shemaiah, and Eliel, and Amminadab, 1Ch 15:12  And said unto them, Ye are the chief of the fathers of the Levites: sanctify yourselves, both ye and your brethren, that ye may bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel unto the place that I have prepared for it. 1Ch 15:13  For because ye did it not at the first, the LORD our God made a breach upon us, “for that we sought him not after the due order”.

And what had to happen first?

1Ch 15:14  So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the LORD God of Israel.

Those priest had to be ceremonially cleaned.

We can never do a work for the Lord until we have been washed in the “blood of Jesus” and filled with the Holy Spirit!

Tit 3:5  Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; Tit 3:6  Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;

King David now had the joy of the Lord.

*****2Sa 6:13  And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.

6 paces would be about 18 feet outside the home of Obededom.

This entire nation realized that nothing can be done properly without the help of the Lord.

We should all come to this same conclusion!

1Ch 15:26  And it came to pass, when God helped the Levites that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, that they offered seven bullocks and seven rams.

Before this journey began it was time to offer sacrifices to the Lord.

SO, what sacrifice can we offer to the Lord today to begin and continue on our journey?

Rom 12:1  I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, “which is your reasonable service”. Rom 12:2  And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

God will never ask us to do unreasonable things and God will always help those that do the ministry by the Word of God.

*****2Sa 6:14  And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

David was wearing a linen robe and a linen ephod. David was dressed in the robe of a priest, (not the High Priest) These priests would have also worn linen breeches but it is not said that King David was wearing these.

The point is that though David was King of Israel, he did not wear his royal robes as he danced before God.

David danced. David was dancing with a joyful, holy enthusiasm alone and before God.

There were no women taking part in this celebration with King David.

David had been made very saddened by the death of Uzzah but that sadness had now become an overwhelming joy!

Psa 30:11  Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: thou hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness; Psa 30:12  To the end that my glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent. O LORD my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.

God has one rule for all these things, “Be Sincere”!

Ecc 9:10  Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

And to the Church:

Col 3:23  And whatsoever ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men; Col 3:24  Knowing that of the Lord ye shall receive the reward of the inheritance: for ye serve the Lord Christ.

David may have danced for 10 miles with all his might.

*****2Sa 6:15  So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet. 2Sa 6:16  And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul’s daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.

Michal is named “Saul’s daughter” though she was also a wife of King David.

This day she had the mind of her father and not joy with her joyful husband.

Public worship had ceased under King Saul and Michal had her own idols and did not really care for the Lord God of Israel.

1Sa 19:12  So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped. 1Sa 19:13  And Michal “took an image”, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats’ hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth.

Michal loved the hero of Israel and the exalted King of Israel.

BUT, Michal despised this man David who could yield to a Holy God with such enthusiasm!

After this there was no relations with this wife and Michal remained childless and raised only the children of her sister.

We should also realize that this was the will of God. A man child that was a descendant of Saul and David would have caused problems.

*****2Sa 6:17  And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.

We can see the mention of 3 tabernacles in the Old Testament.

1) The Tabernacle of the Congregation.

After Israel had committed the sin of the golden calf at Mount Sinai a provisional tabernacle was established [out side the camp] and called the “Tabernacle of the Congregation”.

Exo 33:7  And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, [which was without the camp].

2) The Tabernacle of Moses.

While on Mount Sinai, The Lord gave Moses the instructions to build a proper tabernacle.

God only used 2 chapters in the Book of Genesis to tell us about our creation but God used 50 chapters in the Bible to tell us about the Tabernacle of Moses.

It should be obvious that worship is very important to The Lord Our God!

Exo 25:22  And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

This Tabernacle of Moses was to be set up in the midst of the camp because the Lord said he would always walk in the midst of His people.

Deu 23:14  [For the LORD thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp], to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.

Num 2:17  Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the Levites [in the midst of the camp]: as they encamp, so shall they set forward, every man in his place by their standards.

The Lord Jesus tells us this.

Mat 18:20  For where two or three are gathered together in my name, “there am I in the midst of them”.

This tabernacle of Moses was located in Gibeon during the time of David and until Solomon had constructed the 1st Temple.

1Ch 16:39  And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon, 1Ch 16:40  To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel;

2Ch 1:3  So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for there was the tabernacle of the congregation of God, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness. 2Ch 1:4  But the ark of God had David brought up from Kirjathjearim to the place which David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem.

3) The Tabernacle of David.

This was a temporary tabernacle built for the Ark of the Covenant because David at this time already had plans to build the 1st Temple.

The wilderness Tabernacle of Moses had been first set up in Shiloh and later moved to the city of Nob.

Both of these cities had been destroyed!

At the time of David this Tabernacle had now been located to Gibeon.

It was David’s desire for a permanent housing for the Ark in Jerusalem.

Why? God chose Jerusalem.

1Ki 11:36  And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me “to put my name there”.

God had made a covenant with David.

2Sa 7:16  And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

God said this covenant could never be broken!

Jer 33:20  Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season; Jer 33:21  Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.

Now it is obvious in our time that this tabernacle does not exist but we can be sure God has not forgotten His covenant!

This tabernacle will be restored.

Isa 16:5  And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.

The Lord knew this tabernacle would have to be rebuilt.

Amo 9:11  In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:

The Lord has chosen Jerusalem for His final battle with Satan.

Zec 3:2  And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?

The Lord Jesus will return to sit on the throne of David.

Luk 1:32  He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:

Joseph, the step father of the Lord Jesus was a direct descendant of David, through Solomon his son, and next in line of the throne of David until his death which passed to the Lord Jesus who can never die.

Mary, the “virgin” mother of Jesus Christ was a direct descendant of David through Nathan his son, and therefore there can be no doubt of the kingship of the Lord Jesus Christ for ever!

The Tabernacle of Moses represents the Priestly side of our Lord!

The Tabernacle of David represents the Kingly side of our Lord!

Therefore because the Lord Jesus can never die He is King of Kings and the Most High Priest forever!

Rev 1:5  And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, Rev 1:6  And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Yes it was time to offer praise and worship and it still is.

*****2Sa 6:18  And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts. 2Sa 6:19  And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house. 2Sa 6:20  Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

We should understand that God will have His work done in His Own Way and He cannot bless us if we carry it out under the wrong principles. We must continually seek the Lord’s directions!

King David took full responsibility of God’s people that day to show them and us, that these things are only a shadow of the good things to come!

Rom 14:17  For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Rom 14:18  For he that in these things serveth Christ is acceptable to God, and approved of men.

After blessing the people David went to his own home to bless his family.

BUT, Satan was not about to allow for a perfect end to a perfect day!

Michal could not even wait until David got inside the house before she began her assault on her husband and her King.

King David had not undressed himself before anyone.

He had only taken off his look of royalty and put on the robes of a priest,(not the High Priest).

Michal had her own idols and I am sure David had reminded her of her false worship.

Michal saw no difference in the way David had treated the Ark of God and had become very angry and enraged with jealousy.

When we treat the things of God, such as the Cross, the Bible, or the Church building as gods we confuse this lost world.

We only have One God and he is not in images or idols!

And David responded.

*****2Sa 6:21  And David said unto Michal, “It was before the LORD”, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: “therefore will I play before the LORD”.

Those that are lost simply cannot understand the joy of being a Christian!

Jealousy is regarded in the Bible as worse than wrath and anger!

Pro 27:4  Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before envy?

Michal was not about to listen to David’s explanation about the Lord.

And David became angry himself and this marriage was over.

Again David did not follow God’s guidelines.

Jas 1:19  Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: Jas 1:20  For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. Jas 1:21  Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. Jas 1:22  But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.

We can find the answer to our problems in the Word of God but when we do things our own way the family will suffer.

*****2Sa 6:22  And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour. 2Sa 6:23  Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.

David said if you think my worship of my Lord has lowered the dignity of my kingship, you haven’t seen nothing yet!

David had loved Michal but that love ended this day.

God had never planned on the Messiah to part of any dynasty other than David. Any male child born between David and Michal would have been expected to be the next king of Israel.

God was not about to allow that to happen.

The road to the Messiah could only be through David!

Then Solomon and Nathan.

1Jn 2:17  And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

God will have His way in this world!

Questions?

Let’s Pray!

King David’s Reign

David’s Reign

2 Samuel 5; Chronicles 11; 12

Today we will begin a short study of King David. We have just completed a short study in the Book of Mark and we know the true and coming King, King Jesus.

Rev 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.

And we also know the “raptured” saints, the Bride of Christ, will return with Him.

It is these that are the called, and chosen, and faithful!

The lesson we should learn is that God is at work in all the governments of this world.

Although there are still some men recognized as kings, there are are actually no working governments that are ruled by a monarchy today in our world.

When rulers in the governments are wise they realize that there exists a higher power and if God rules in their lives, their governments will succeed and prosper.

No single human being is in ultimate control of their own lives though most do not agree, though we all do have that freedom of choice.

When we see the human side of the Lord Jesus Christ we can find these words that describe Him.

Isa 11:10 And in that day there shall be “a root of Jesse”, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

And these:

Rev 5:5 And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, “the Root of David”, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

And these words of Jesus.

Rev 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. “I am the root and the offspring of David”, and the bright and morning star.

With these things said it is easy to see we need to study the life of David.

Until the Lord Jesus returns to this earth the second time, David will still remain the most honored King of Israel.

Another thing we should realize is that the God is always seeking men who will be faithful to the work of The Lord.

No one can know the day or the hour when God passes by, seeking earthly men who will be faithful in godly things.

How was David chosen?

1Sa 13:14 But now thy kingdom shall not continue: “the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart”, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which the LORD commanded thee.

It is foolish for Christians to think they have no place in the political structures of our governments as God is seeking those who will serve Him and then also the people of His creation.

God is always excited when He finds such a person.

Psa 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
Psa 89:21 With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.
Psa 89:22 The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.

We can see that God is serious when He finds those that will serve in our governments and God will help those that stick to His Word!

Let’s begin:

*****2Sa 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, “we are thy bone and thy flesh”.

Israel’s first king, King Saul, had failed to meet God’s standards as a ruler of God’s people. At the death of King Saul, Israel was a divided kingdom.

David was made king over the tribe of Judah but a son of Saul, Ish-Bosheth was made king over the other 11 tribes. This division had lasted for 7 years.

We should have a clear understanding. God is guiding this world into a completion of His purpose and it is God who puts all rulers in place to fulfill His purpose.

God has given America guidelines to use to select a president. Of the signers of the Constitution of the United States at least 50 claimed to know the Lord Jesus as their personal Savior.

God had given Israel guidelines for her kings but these guidelines were from the Holy Inspired Word of God that required no man to sign.

Deu 17:15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, “whom the LORD thy God shall choose”: [one from among thy brethren] shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.

God had not chosen Ish-Bosheth to be king and his government only lasted 7 years. God had chosen David to be king of Israel. God not only chose David to rule all of Israel but God also chose Jerusalem to be the capitol city of Israel.

2Ch 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.

God even made a covenant with David and his descendants.

Psa 89:3 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,
Psa 89:4 Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.

When we as Christians use our power of the vote to elect godly people, God will make a way for His purpose to be fulfilled. BUT, when Christians use that vote to try to sustain their own needs by electing people who care not for the things of God, then we will get what we deserve.

This what we see in America today!

God’s purpose will never change and we will continue to struggle with the problems of this world!

As Christians, we already have a our provider, why would we trust the government to do the job better than our God!

God may use that government to provide for His people but He may also use some other method!

For 7 years the northern tribes of Israel had been ruled by Ish-Bosheth and they had been harassed by the Philistines while Judah under King David had prospered.

When Ish-Bosheth was assassinated, and Abner, the general of Saul’s army had been killed by Joab, those 11 tribes realized that they needed God’s man, David, and they went to Hebron seeking something better than they had.

They realized that God had purposed and placed all 12 tribes of Jacob on the land and it would be best to do things God’s way.

These people had a blood relationship with each other through Abraham’s son, Isaac and then his son Jacob!

As the “born again” children of God, we all have a blood relationship and a blood covenant, because we are washed in the “blood of Jesus Christ”, Our Savior and Our King!

These 11 tribes of Israel began to remember some of the things David had done when Saul was their king.

*****2Sa 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.

David was blood kin to all of Israel and not some foreigner.

David had been Saul’s greatest general until Saul had left the will of God.

David was a man after God’s own heart.

David had been anointed by God’s man Samuel.

If these people were to have a king, then it would be foolish not to choose David as King of all of Israel!

God had taken a shepherd and made him a king!

Psa 78:70 He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds:
Psa 78:71 From following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.
Psa 78:72 So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.

How does God describe the True Shepherd, The Lord Jesus?

Isa 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young.

Jesus Christ has a flock of “peculiar” people who He will lead to the throne of God.

1Pe 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, “a peculiar people”; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
1Pe 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, “but are now the people of God”: which had not obtained mercy, “but now have obtained mercy”.

So David was made king of all Israel.

*****2Sa 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

Things will take place just as God has designed!

Eph 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him “who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will”:

God had a purpose for all of Israel and not just the one tribe of Judah.

God had made a covenant with all of Israel and not just with the one tribe of Judah.

God had given these words to all of Israel.

Deu 30:2 And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and shalt obey his voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul;
Deu 30:3 That then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee.

And later repeated by Solomon.

2Ch 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.

David was still a young man at this time but he had gained much wisdom in his early years.

*****2Sa 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
2Sa 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

The future was now bright for Israel. As long as they were battling with each other, they had no strength as a nation.

This is the place we find America in today, as it seems that America is a divided nation and moving farther away from God.

The Jebusites were enemies of God but they could not be overcome by Israel until Israel was united under one government.

God’s people will never have real power until we are all united in one accord under the power of God!

God only has one Church, not cluster of separate denominations pulling in opposite directions!

There is only one Word of God and there is only one interpretation of that Word!

The Word of God is simple.

1) Man has sinned.

2) That sin has separated us from the Living God.

3) That sin can only be forgiven by faith in and on the Lord Jesus Christ.

It is Satan that has made up all these other rules to cause confusion!

It is only the Living God who can unite any nation!

*****2Sa 5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
2Sa 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

Abner had establish Mahanaim as the capitol city for the 11 tribes.

David had chosen Hebron as his capitol partially because of the legacy of Caleb.

Neither of these places would be suitable for the united kingdom because God had chosen Jerusalem!

Jerusalem sat on a hill which could be well defended, it was the wise place for a capitol city. Jerusalem was also on the border of tribe of Benjamin, (Saul’s tribe) and Judah, (David’s tribe) and had never belonged to any of the tribes, therefore a place to seek peace.

The whole Earth will seek peace in Jerusalem one day soon!

Psa 48:2 Beautiful “for situation”, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, “the city of the great King”.

It can be said that God chose Jerusalem many years earlier.

Jerusalem was located on Mount Moriah and Mount Zion. Golgotha is a little hill on Mount Moriah and the exact place God sent Abraham to sacrifice Isaac.

And Mount Zion is known as the city of the Living God.

Heb 12:22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and “unto the city of the living God”, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
Heb 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
Heb 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

But on this day it was known as the “city of David”.

And how did David defeat the Jebusites who had withstood Israel since they entered into Canaan Land?

*****2Sa 5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

These Jebusites had been so arrogant that they boasted that even “the lame and the blind” could defend Jerusalem from King David’s army but they were pagans and they did not know God.

Sometimes we just cannot imagine the fine details that God put into His creation.

Isa 40:21 Have ye not known? have ye not heard? hath it not been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood from the foundations of the earth?
Isa 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
Isa 40:23 That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.

It is God who sits on the throne of His Creation!

And let’s just throw this in, it is God who decides if He wants to warm up this Earth or make it colder. No amount of legislation can change that. Climate change is in the hands of God!

And it is God that chose Jerusalem!

2Ch 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.

It is God that provided this gutter when He designed His creation not only for water but for King David to take control of Jerusalem.

Listen as God scolds Hezekiah.

Isa 22:11 Ye made also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: “but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respect unto him that fashioned it long ago”.

God’s plan is so precious and so perfect that not one detail is left out!

That gutter was an underground water course fed by the Gihon Spring and it has been discovered and excavated in Israel.
Now we may never know how Joab made this discovery but we do know who created it and this was part of the purpose of it at this time of King David.

Those blind and lame Jebusites who were on the walls of Jerusalem did not observe Joab as he led David’s army into the conquest of Jerusalem.

As Joab took on the Jebusites, David established the new capitol of Israel.

*****2Sa 5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.

David moved into the castle of the last king of the Jebusites.

Millo means “filling”. This describes to us a stone terrace system built to protect the city of Jerusalem.

That word Millo describes the extensions built to the city of Jerusalem, started by King David and improved on by Solomon and Hezekiah.

This extension of Jerusalem included Mount Moriah, the site of the future Temple.

The walls were extended to include Mount Moriah where the first Temple would be built by Solomon.

*****2Sa 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.

David who was once a lowly shepherd boy had become King of Judah by the age of 30 and King of all Israel at the age of 37.

David now has the responsibility of a nation on his shoulders.

How did King David and Israel prosper at this time?

Psa 101:1 A Psalm of David. I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O LORD, will I sing.
Psa 101:2 I will behave myself wisely in a perfect way. O when wilt thou come unto me? I will walk within my house with a perfect heart.
Psa 101:3 I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to me.
Psa 101:4 A froward heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person.
Psa 101:5 Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
Psa 101:6 Mine eyes shall be upon the faithful of the land, that they may dwell with me: he that walketh in a perfect way, he shall serve me.
Psa 101:7 He that worketh deceit shall not dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not tarry in my sight.
Psa 101:8 I will early destroy all the wicked of the land; that I may cut off all wicked doers from the city of the LORD.

These things were noticed by other nations.

*****2Sa 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.

Hiram was a pagan king who did not know the Lord God of Israel.

The name Hiram has the meaning “brother of the lofty one” but that name can also mean “a destroyer”.

Hiram may have become a great friend of King David and also of Solomon but when we see the evil influence he had on these two men of God, he was more like an enemy.

None the less Hiram brought great commerce to the city of Jerusalem, which is what he was after, and he built David a new palace.

We can immediately see the influence this man had on King David.

*****2Sa 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.

Why had God made David King of Israel?

1Ch 11:1 Then all Israel gathered themselves to David unto Hebron, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
1Ch 11:2 And moreover in time past, even when Saul was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, “Thou shalt feed my people Israel”, and “thou shalt be ruler over my people Israel”.

King David and his government had these commandments of God.

1) David was to feed God’s people.

This was more than to just provide food. This was to be as a shepherd and lead God’s people into prosperity and safety. Not only this but David was to be like a “Pastor” to the flock of Israel!

God had already commanded any king of Israel to do these things.

Deu 17:18 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:
Deu 17:19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:
Deu 17:20 That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

2) David was to be a ruler over God’s people.

David was to stand at the front of God’s people and lead them in every way as a “mediator”.

David was to lead Israel in civil things!

David was to lead Israel in military things!

And most important of all, David was to lead Israel in godly things!

This is the purpose of every leader.

Now we can compare David as a “Type” of Christ.

a.) David was 30 years old when he began to reign. The Lord Jesus began His ministry at the age of 30.

b) David was anointed as King of Israel. The Lord Jesus was anointed with the oil of gladness above His fellows.

c) David reigned for 40 years. 40 being a perfect number. The Lord Jesus will have a perfect reign. He will reign until He hath put all His enemies under His feet.

d) David was mocked by the Jebusites when he came to rule in Jerusalem. The Lord Jesus was mocked and ridiculed at His false trial and more noticeable on the cross.

e) David advanced more and more. When the Lord Jesus returns every knee will bow to Him.

f) A new house was built for David. The Lord Jesus said He had no where to lay His head so He laid the foundation of His own house and now the Church is the House of God therefore the Body of Christ!

g) The enemies of Israel banded together against David. The world has banded together against the Lord Jesus Christ.

But thank God, if you know the Lord, “You Are On The Winning Side”!!!!!

David was an illustrious king of Israel but the Lord Jesus though recognized as “The Son of David”, and “The King Of The Jews”, is also “King of Kings and Lord of Lords” to all who believe upon Him!

What influence did Hiram, King of Tyre have on David?

*****2Sa 5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.

King David ignored the commandments of God!

Deu 17:17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

David allowed his lust for women to come between himself and the Living God.

Many children were born of these women, both male and female.

*****2Sa 5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
2Sa 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
2Sa 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.

God does thing in order so the first sons written for our knowledge were the sons of Bathsheba. (These were not the first sons born to David).

We notice the name Solomon but we should also pay attention to the one named Nathan. Joseph was a descendant of Solomon but it is this Nathan who has a descendant we know as Mary, the Mother of Jesus Christ Our Lord.

Luk 3:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,

This is important in the prophecy of the Messiah and a lesson for another time.

At this time the main enemy of Israel, the Philstines, began to test this new king and this new alliance of the tribes of Israel.

*****2Sa 5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.
2Sa 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

The Philistines had remained quiet while David and the house of Saul had battled hoping they would weaken each other.

But the Lord God of Israel, was not about to allow this enemy to prosper at this time.

Psa 2:1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?
Psa 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying,
Psa 2:3 Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.
Psa 2:4 He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision.
Psa 2:5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.
Psa 2:6 Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

The “hold” was a place where David had used to gather his army in the time of Saul and a place that his army was familiar with.

The Philistines gathered all five of their principalities in a combined strength to put an end to Israel as they still do today, now called the Palestinians!

David realized that he needed to talk to the Lord.

*****2Sa 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
2Sa 5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.
2Sa 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

It is probable when we read these words “enquired of the Lord”, it means David went to the High Priest.

At this time the High Priest of Israel would have been Abiathar.

In the time of Saul, Doeg, Saul’s hit-man was sent after David, and Doeg had executed all the priests and the High Priests and only Abiathar had escaped.

Abiathar was the 10th High Priest from the time of Aaron and he had joined David at the cave of Adullam. Abiathar was later deposed in favor of Zadok by King Solomon, again a lesson for another time.

The High Priests used what are called the “Urim and the Thummim” that was kept in the “Ephod” in these times of enquiry.

David had 2 questions.

1) Shall I go up to the Philistines?

2) Lord, wilt thou deliver the Philistines into my hands?

When the High Priests put on the spiritual clothing, the design of which was given to Moses from the Lord, the High Priest became a “type” of Christ.

By wearing the breast-plate and in the breast-plate the “Urim and the Thummim”, meaning “lights and perfections” these High Priest are also a “type” of the true believer, who are all clothed with the robe of Jesus’s righteousness.

God tells every believer these things:

Eph 6:13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
Eph 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
Eph 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
Eph 6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
Eph 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
Eph 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

Just as David did, in every step we take, we must enquire of the Lord!

Just as David realized we must also realize that we have enemies!

Eph 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

Now we cannot determine much of anything about the “Urim and the Thummim” but what we do know is that by the uses of these, were the means that were divinely given to the High Priest to impart wisdom and direction to God’s people.

What we do not have to guess about is the Urim means “lights” and the Thummim means “perfection” and with the “Light” of Jesus, He will one day soon bring “Perfection” into our lives.

The Bible says:

1Co 2:16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

But only if we ask for His wisdom:

Jas 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
Jas 1:6 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavereth is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
Jas 1:7 For let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
Jas 1:8 A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

How did the Urim and Thummim respond or better yet, how did the Lord respond to David’s request?

a) Go.

b) I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.

David knew that Israel had been established by the Lord!

David knew his throne was established by the Lord!

David knew that from the time he was a young shepherd the Lord had guided his life!

But David also knew that even though he was now a king, we all need the Lord’s guidance every moment of our lives!

James had these words:

Jas 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.

David who was much less than perfect in his life made the right choice this day.

But the results are always the same, when we follow the Lord Jesus Christ we will always have victory in the end!

You see the Philistines had brought with them there portable, man-made, gods but these false images had not helped them, for that was impossible!

Israel had made this mistake and had tried to use the “Ark of the Covenant” in this same way and even in this day it had not been returned to the Tabernacle.

God is not in images and man-made things!

The Bible says.

Isa 40:22 It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
Isa 40:23 That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.

Isa 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth.

David and his men burned those false things and there was nothing disrespectful about it!

But our battle with evil will not end until we pass on, or the “Rapture” comes.

David would have to battle the same enemy over again!

*****2Sa 5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
2Sa 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.

Again we see the enemies of God’s people will keep coming.

The Jewish historian Josephus said this time the Philistines came with an army 3 times the size of the last army.

And again David had the good sense to enquire of the Lord.

But the Lord had a different response this time.

It seems that God almost never works these things the same way.

We are always on God’s training ground but the Lord will sometimes teach the enemy a valuable lesson that they should also learn.

David was told not to advance straight to the enemy but to circle around and stay in the tree line, unseen by the Philistines and wait on the Lord.

The hardest lesson for us to learn is on “patience”.

But sometimes we just need to wait on the Lord!

*****2Sa 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
2Sa 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.

Now we can think what we may but the truth is still in the Word of God!

If we can just wrap our minds around the fact “that it is the Lord who governs the things of this world”, it would make our life a whole lot simpler!

We do not know if the sound that came from those trees gave a sound of a large approaching army.

We cannot even guess of what took place.

I know from experience in combat that a low flying attack jet coming in at tree top level will scare the socks off of you if you are not prepared for such things.

What we are to do is to believe that the Lord will go out before us in many battles we have in this life!

When we know the God of all creation, and the Lord of all the heavenly armies on a personal basis, we should have no fear God’s enemies.

Every time we win a battle in this life we must accept that it is the Lord who gave us that victory!

So, David did what the Lord had said.

*****2Sa 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.

David chased these Philistines back into their own land and to their own door steps without firing a shot.

And, David realized a very important thing.

Psa 33:12 Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheritance.

In America and in the rest of the world, we have forgotten this truth!

Questions?

Let’s Pray!

King David Begins His Reign

A Chosen Sovereign David’s Reign

1 Samuel 31-2 Samuel 4
1 Chronicles 10

When we last left David, he was being hunted down by King Saul. Saul wanted David dead!

The Philistines had been pushed back into the land that they claimed and were not a threat again until Saul allowed them to regain their strength, while he concentrated all his resources in search of David. Nothing else mattered to King Saul.

If we are to remain free in America we cannot focus on things that lack in importance. We must keep a keen eye on all our enemies while remembering that our number one enemy is Satan and we need to keep our focus on Jesus to keep Satan away.

When Saul could have been making Israel a better place and doing more for the people of Israel, he wasted 10 years trying to destroy David.

We also see this happening in America today when our own politicians are more concern with the destruction of each party rather than for the good of the people and our nation.

Saul was not paying attention to Israel’s enemies!

AND, America is not paying close attention to her enemies!

*****1Sa 31:1  Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.
1Sa 31:2  And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul’s sons.

Not since Samuel was a child in the hands of Eli and the Ark stolen, had Israel had to flee as they did this day from the Philistines.

Mount Gilboa is a mount that over looks the Valley of Jezreel south of Jerusalem. This mount is remembered in the Bible as the place where Saul and his sons were killed by the Philistines.

Saul’s son Jonathan we have read about but Saul had at least three other sons with the two daughters we have already met.

One named Abinadab, also called Ishui, and the other Malchishua who we meet only at their death in this battle with the Philistines.

There was one other son, Ishbosheth, and it is not said why he was not in this battle and we will probably meet him later because Abner made him king after his father’s death.

*****1Sa 31:3  And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers.

I was a Staff Sargent and a Platoon leader when I was in Vietnam but when we were on patrol every soldier dressed alike. We did not wear insignia and among other things I did not stay close to the ones that handled the radios and sometimes we would all make our selves look like we had radios with our camouflage. We did not want the enemy to tell who was in charge. We did not want a sniper to jeopardize the entire mission.

In fact I walked on point most every where we went for many reasons.

BUT, Saul wore the armor of a king which made him an easy target and there are always those, such as snipers, whose only job to is to try to take out the leaders of an army and they had found Saul and his sons who also wore the armor of royalty or of Generals.

Being "sore wounded" meant that Saul may not have survived those wounds even if he had won the battle.

*****1Sa 31:4  Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it.

In those days, a king that was captured in battle was not shown any respect if captured alive.

If we can remember Samson we can see that these Philistines were such a people to do such things.

If we remember Nebuchadnezzar also showed no respect for a King of Israel

It is a fact that even their dead bodies were not shown any respect.

When Saul saw that all his sons had died in battle and he could not defend himself, he chose to die with them.

Jewish tradition says that this armor bearer was Doeg but the Bible does not say who this man was.

It is God who is in charge of all our deaths!

Heb 9:27  And as it is "appointed" unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

Appointed means that the time of our death is written down on God’s calendar!

It seems Saul did not use his own sword but used a sword nearby, maybe even the sword of Doeg, so it seems he did not want anyone to think he had a weakness even in his death.

Saul wanted to leave an impression that he died in battle!

But even this move had not killed him because his death came by an Amalekite who was scavenging dead bodies to rob them.

*****1Sa 31:5  And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.

We should consider that Jewish tradition says this armor bearer was Doeg

Even Josephus, a Jewish historian says this was Doeg, who had been promoted from head sheepherder to armor bearer and that Saul actually used the sword of Doeg to kill himself.

If this is true and many believe it is, then this would also have been the same sword that had killed 85 of God’s priests.

It would seem to be justice served of God!

The Bible does not say these things are true and we cannot know these things to be true.

*****1Sa 31:6  So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
There are those that point out a conflict in the Bible using this verse and one from the next chapter but we know that there no conflicts in God’s Word and we must always realize that our English language does not always have the proper words to use while translating the Hebrew language.

The Bible says:

2Sa 1:5  And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?
2Sa 1:6  And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.
2Sa 1:7  And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.
2Sa 1:8  And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.
2Sa 1:9  He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
2Sa 1:10  So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

We know that when the Philistines found Saul and stripped him of his armor, his crown and bracelet was not mentioned because they had already been stolen.

This Amalekite was scavenging the dead bodies of the soldiers of Israel to take what he could find of value.

It is more than likely that Saul continued to live for a while in a failed attempt of suicide and this man had actually finished killing Saul.

Again we should remember that Saul had been told of God to kill "all" the Amalekites and he had failed to do this again we can see that justice of God was served.

God said these things:

1Ch 10:13  So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it;
1Ch 10:14  And enquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

And this next verse in the Book of Hosea is a reminder to all national leaders especially Israel:

Hos 13:11  I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.

David could not condone what this Amalekite had done because David himself had had this same opportunity several times and would not kill Saul.

David also knew that if Saul had obeyed the Word of God then this Amalekite could not have killed King Saul.

After all Saul was still in the hands of God and not mankind!

So we read what David had to do:

2Sa 1:15  And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.
2Sa 1:16  And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD’S anointed.

Again, One of reasons Saul was condemned was because he had not destroyed the Amalekites, So David could not allow this thief and lier to live!

*****2Sa 1:11  Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

When we would think that David would have been relieved at the death of Saul, we see in David the opposite is true.

The Lord had not allowed David to assist in the destruction of Israel.

In fact the Lord had sent David after some of the Amalekites that Saul had failed to destroy.

It had taken three days for the news of Israel defeat to reach David at Ziklag which was 80 miles from the battlefield of Israel.

That Amalekite was not expecting to see this sudden remorse of David and had really expected a reward BUT all he got was death himself.

David had never seen Saul as his enemy but only as the God appointed King of Israel!

If God has no pleasure in the death of the wicked then we should also be like Him!

The Bible teaches us in the Book of Ezekiel:

Eze 33:11  Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

God ask every lost sinner this same question: Why Do You Choose To Die?

*****2Sa 1:12  And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

There was this inward show of grief and this outward show of tears because Israel had lost the battle.

Israel had lost their king.

David had lost his closest friend.

It was time to mourn for these things happening to Israel because they had fallen by the sword.

Those that can have joy and not remorse at a time when our own nation is suffering are not true patriots.

We must pray for our nation and it’s leaders because they are still God’s appointed!

And then David then wrote a new song.

*****2Sa 1:25  How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.
2Sa 1:26  I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
2Sa 1:27  How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

Just as in this day in Israel, many soldiers die in battle and we need to mourn for them.

Since the Revolutionary War, 1,190,085 soldiers, are recorded as died defending our nation.

Since the Revolutionary War, 1,430,290 soldiers, are recorded as wounded defending our nation.

The death or the wounding of every American soldier deserve our respect.

These are the mighty men of America, not the politicians, not the movie stars and not the sports stars.

BUT, even mightier that these are all those that serve in the army of God!

David knew many of these men and David knew these officers and Generals of Saul’s army.

As a soldier I can still relate to those that are on the battlefield but I can also relate to those that die as mighty men and heroes of our nation.

We could not be America if these men had not shed their blood!

That hill top Jonathan had chosen to defend had brought his death.

He was David’s brother in law and as a brother to David but most of all he was a friend to David, much more than a brother.

Jonathan was not a soldier nor these others that had died on foreign soils but they had died defending their own nation on their own soil.

Hopefully our soldiers will never have to die on our own soil!

We cannot allow our nation be get so weak that our sons and daughters die defending our nation at home but it seems our government chooses this way today!

David would miss all the pleasant conversations he would have with his closest friend.

They had agreed on more things than they had disagreed on.

It was Israel that had bound these two together!

That love they had could be compared to that of a husband and wife, not a sexual thing, but an absolute caring love and respect for each other.

Those weapons of war were not just the armament that they carried.

The true weapons of war that each nation has is in the men and women who carry and use those weapons.

It is these living weapons that were truly lost at this time to Israel.

*****2Sa 2:1  And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.

David knew that Israel was in a turmoil so he did what he should have done, he enquired of the Lord!

David had the only organized army left in all of Israel so God told David to go to Hebron.

Hebron is centrally located in the land assigned to Judah about 20 miles south of Jerusalem.

Hebron was on a mountain and could be defended from an attack.

Hebron was also the city of refuge given to Caleb a mighty man in the time of Joshua.

If David was to defend Israel from her enemies, it would have to begin with the land assigned to his own tribe of Judah.

So, David prepared to defend Israel from the Philistines and all other enemies of Israel!

*****2Sa 2:2  So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal’s wife the Carmelite.
2Sa 2:3  And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.

David was in fact Israel’s lawful king but at this time it was a time that David’s own soldiers and all their families could reunite.

Most of the elders of Judah and all those that knew how David had acted wisely, would also be at Hebron.

*****2Sa 2:4  And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

David was now 30 years old and had gained the respect of these elders who had witnessed him all the time of King Saul.

This was the second time that David was anointed to be King of Israel.

The Bible tells us 3 times that David was anointed to be King.

Samuel had anointed David:

1Sa 16:13  Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.

A second time in our verse and there will be a third time:

2Sa 5:3  So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

It was this day that David learned the fate of the bodies of Saul and his sons.

The Bible teaches us:

1Sa 31:11  And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;
1Sa 31:12  All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.
1Sa 31:13  And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

And David immediately thanked these men for what they had done:

2Sa 2:5  And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.

But Abner the general of Saul’s army had other plans at this time and King Saul did have one son still alive.

Remember Abner was not only Saul’s General, he was also Saul’s uncle and adviser!

2Sa 2:8  But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul’s host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
2Sa 2:9  And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.

These things caused much turmoil to the nation of Israel and God would not allow this to stand!

God had already anointed the next king of Israel!

*****2Sa 3:1  Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.

This long civil war in Israel lasted 7 and one half years.

David waited patiently in Hebron while God removed all the obstacles and paved the way for David to unite Israel again under one king.

What should this remind us of?

Mar 12:36  For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

David wrote these words in one of his songs and the Apostle Paul added:

Heb 10:12  But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
Heb 10:13  From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

We have seen David as a "type" of a Holy Ghost filled sinner, doing good when he followed the Word of God, and doing badly when he did things his own way.

But at this time we can see him as a "type" of Christ.

We will end our lessons on David at this time and next week move into the Book of Mark.

So, Let’s revue some things about David:

David was the youngest of 8 sons in an ordinary family that came from the city of Bethlehem.

David had a sincere love for God and a profound trust in Him.

He had displayed this trust in God by slaying a bear and a lion in defense of his father’s sheep.

It was God that chose David to replace King Saul.

God knew that Davids heart was firmly planted and anchored in the Lord.

Only Samuel knew what God told him to do with David.

This is where we stand or fall with God!

Because just as Samuel, we are to know and believe what the Word of God tells us!

David’s promotion was not announced in the daily paper.

David’s promotion was not displayed on the city streets.

None of David’s neighbors were told that David was anointed to be their new king.

But what did happened was that the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul and then, only then, did an evil spirit trouble Saul.

This was something Saul caused and not God!

David was brought in before King Saul because he made beautiful music but even then Saul would have killed David if he had known what Samuel had done and once he sensed it Saul spent the rest of his life trying to kill David.

David had removed one giant that hindered Israel.

But God removed the other thing that hindered Israel.

David in all his ways behaved himself wisely in his time with Saul.

In all these things we should be able to see a "type" of Our Lord Jesus Christ!

Both were born in Bethlehem.

Both were shepherds of their father’s flock.

Both were obedient sons and humble in their ways.

Both were misunderstood by their brothers.

Both were mistreated by governmental officials.

Both  fled from a king that was trying to kill them. (Herod)

Both of them had many enemies and suffered of them,

Both were men after God’s own heart.

Both were anointed to be king long before they reigned. (The Lord will soon be King Of Kings on this Earth)

Both were prophets.

Both wept over Jerusalem.

And Both had the promise of a house from the Father.

David promised to build the Temple, a house for God.

But Jesus promised to prepare a house for those that are the Temple of God!

The Bible says:

Joh 14:2  In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

Questions?

Let’s Pray!